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  Nematic liquid crystals and nematic colloids in microfluidic environment

Sengupta, A. (2012). Nematic liquid crystals and nematic colloids in microfluidic environment. PhD Thesis, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-C35E-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002A-C366-8
Genre: Thesis

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 Creators:
Sengupta, Anupam1, Author              
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1Group Structure formation in soft matter, Department of Dynamics of Complex Fluids, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society, ou_2063301              

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 Abstract: The doctoral thesis presented here is one of the first systematic attempts to unravel the wonderful world of liquid crystals within microfluidic confinements, typically channels with dimensions of tens of micrometers. The present work is based on experiments with a roomtemperature nematic liquid crystal, 5CB, and its colloidal dispersions within microfluidic devices of rectangular cross-section, fabricated using standard techniques of soft lithography. To begin with, a combination of physical and chemical methods was employed to create well defined boundary conditions for investigating the flow experiments. The walls of the microchannels were functionalized to induce dierent kinds of surface anchoring of the 5CB molecules: degenerate planar, uniform planar, and homeotropic surface anchoring. Channels possessing composite anchoring conditions (hybrid) were additionally fabricated, e. g. homeotropic and uniform planar anchoring within the same channel. On filling the microchannels with 5CB in the isotropic phase, dierent equilibrium configurations of the nematic director resulted, as the sample cooled down to nematic phase. For a given surface anchoring, the equilibrium director configuration varied also with the channel aspect ratio. The static director field within the channel registered the initial conditions for the flow experiments. The static and i ii dynamic experiments have been analyzed using a combination of polarization, and confocal fluorescence microscopy techniques, along with particle tracking method for measuring the flow speeds. Additionally, dual-focus fluorescence correlation spectroscopy is introduced as a generic velocimetry tool for liquid crystal flows.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2012-12-18
 Publication Status: Accepted / In Press
 Pages: XVII, 204
 Publishing info: Göttingen : Georg-August-Universität
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Degree: PhD

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