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  Momentum space imaging of the FFLO state

Akbari, A., & Thalmeier, P. (2016). Momentum space imaging of the FFLO state. New Journal of Physics, 18: 063030, pp. 1-12. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/18/6/063030.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-246C-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-319B-4
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Akbari, Alireza1, Author
Thalmeier, Peter2, Author              
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Peter Thalmeier, Physics of Correlated Matter, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society, ou_1863457              

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 Abstract: In a magnetic field superconductors (SC) with small orbital effect exhibit the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) phase above the Pauli limiting field. It is characterized by Cooper pairs with finite center of mass momentum and is stabilized by the gain in Zeeman energy of depaired electrons in the imbalanced Fermi gas. The ground state is a coherent superposition of paired and depaired states. This concept, although central to the FFLO state lacks a direct experimental confirmation. We propose that STM quasiparticle interference (QPI) can give a direct momentum space image of the depaired states in the FFLO wave function. For a proof of principle we investigate a 2D single orbital tight binding model with a SC s-wave order parameter. Using the equilibrium values of pair momentum and SC gap we calculate the spectral function of quasiparticles and associated QPI spectrum as function of magnetic field. We show that the characteristic depaired Fermi surface parts appear as a fingerprint in the QPI spectrum of the FFLO phase and we demonstrate its evolution with field strength. Its observation in STM experiments would constitute a direct proof for FFLO ground state wave function.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2016-07-242016-07-24
 Publication Status: Published in print
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Title: New Journal of Physics
  Abbreviation : New J. Phys.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Bristol : IOP Publishing
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 18 Sequence Number: 063030 Start / End Page: 1 - 12 Identifier: ISSN: 1367-2630
CoNE: /journals/resource/954926913666