English
 
Help Privacy Policy Disclaimer
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
 
 
DownloadE-Mail
  Plant–environment interactions across multiple scales

Reichstein, M., Richardson, A. D., Migliavacca, M., & Carvalhais, N. (2014). Plant–environment interactions across multiple scales. In R. K. Monson (Ed.), Ecology and the Environment (pp. 1-27). New York: Springer.

Item is

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
BGC1900.pdf (Publisher version), 614KB
 
File Permalink:
-
Name:
BGC1900.pdf
Description:
-
Visibility:
Private
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-
License:
-

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Reichstein, Markus1, Author              
Richardson, Andrew D., Author
Migliavacca, Mirco2, Author              
Carvalhais, Nuno3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Biogeochemical Integration, Dr. M. Reichstein, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1688139              
2Biosphere-Atmosphere Interactions and Experimentation, Dr. M. Migliavacca, Department Biogeochemical Integration, Dr. M. Reichstein, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1938307              
3Model-Data Integration, Dr. Nuno Carvalhais, Department Biogeochemical Integration, Dr. M. Reichstein, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1938310              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: 1. It has been known for a long time that the environment shapes the appearance of vegetation (vegetation structure). The systematic description of these effects has led to classifications of life forms at the organismic scale and biomes at the global scale by Alexander von Humboldt, Christen C. Raunkiær, Wladimir Köppen, and other early plant geographers and plant ecologists. 2. Consequently, plant traits and processes carried out by plants (vegetation function) are influenced by climate and other environmental conditions. However, given the previous limitations of both observations and theory, systematic and comparative studies of plant ecology and physiological ecology only began in the twentieth century. 3. Through their adaptive and genetic constitutions, plants can react to environmental changes by different mechanisms involving various time scales. These mechanisms include acclimation, plasticity, and evolution. 4. Plant reactions, in turn, can feed back to influence the environment at different scales by exchanges of matter and energy. For example, plants humidify the air, change turbulence and wind field, and hence influence cloud formation; they absorb carbon dioxide, produce oxygen and reactive volatile organic compounds, and modify, protect, and stabilize soils. 5. There are a large variety of techniques available to researchers for the observation of vegetation– environment interactions at different time scales. No single technique can answer all questions; they have to be used synergistically, and often times these “suites” of observations have to be deployed across broad geographic areas and in multiple types of biomes. 6. Due to the complexity of interactions and feedbacks between vegetation and the environment, numerical modeling has become a pivotal tool in conjunction with model–data fusion techniques. This new emphasis on fusing observations and theory has provided scientists with unprecedented insight into the mechanisms governing plant–atmosphere interactions, permitted the scaling of mechanisms across broad spans of space and time, and provided an integrated picture of global ecological processes.

Details

show
hide
Language(s):
 Dates: 2014
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: Other: BGC1900
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4614-7612-2_22-1
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Ecology and the Environment
Source Genre: Book
 Creator(s):
Monson, R. K., Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: New York : Springer
Pages: 659 Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1 - 27 Identifier: ISBN: 978-1-4614-7500-2

Source 2

show
hide
Title: The Plant Sciences
Source Genre: Series
 Creator(s):
Tester, Mark, Editor
Jorgensen, Richard, Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 8 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: -