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  Specialization of the rostral prefrontal cortex for distinct analogy processes

Volle, E., Gilbert, S. J., Benoit, R. G., & Burgess, P. W. (2010). Specialization of the rostral prefrontal cortex for distinct analogy processes. Cerebral Cortex, 20(11), 2647-2659. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhq012.

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 Creators:
Volle, Emanuelle1, 2, Author
Gilbert, Sam J.1, Author
Benoit, Roland G.1, Author              
Burgess, Paul W.1, Author
Affiliations:
1Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, University College London, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
2Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale, Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, Paris, France, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Analogy; BA 10; fMRI; Reasoning; Rostral prefrontal
 Abstract: Analogical reasoning is central to learning and abstract thinking. It involves using a more familiar situation (source) to make inferences about a less familiar situation (target). According to the predominant cognitive models, analogical reasoning includes 1) generation of structured mental representations and 2) mapping based on structural similarities between them. This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to specify the role of rostral prefrontal cortex (PFC) in these distinct processes. An experimental paradigm was designed that enabled differentiation between these processes, by temporal separation of the presentation of the source and the target. Within rostral PFC, a lateral subregion was activated by analogy task both during study of the source (before the source could be compared with a target) and when the target appeared. This may suggest that this subregion supports fundamental analogy processes such as generating structured representations of stimuli but is not specific to one particular processing stage. By contrast, a dorsomedial subregion of rostral PFC showed an interaction between task (analogy vs. control) and period (more activated when the target appeared). We propose that this region is involved in comparison or mapping processes. These results add to the growing evidence for functional differentiation between rostral PFC subregions.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2010-02-152010-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhq012
 Degree: -

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Title: Cerebral Cortex
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: New York, NY : Oxford University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 20 (11) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2647 - 2659 Identifier: ISSN: 1047-3211
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925592440