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  Predicting affective information: An evaluation of repetition suppression effects

Trapp, S., & Kotz, S. A. (2016). Predicting affective information: An evaluation of repetition suppression effects. Frontiers in Psychology, 7: 1365. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01365.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-A547-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-1E59-9
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Trapp, Sabrina1, Author              
Kotz, Sonja A.2, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Isreal, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
3Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Predictive coding; Bottom-up attention; Habituation: Anxiety disorders; Emotion; Social phobia
 Abstract: Both theoretical proposals and empirical studies suggest that the brain interprets sensory input based on expectations to mitigate computational burden. However, as social beings, much of sensory input is affectively loaded – e.g., the smile of a partner, the critical voice of a boss, or the welcoming gesture of a friend. Given that affective information is highly complex and often ambiguous, building up expectations of upcoming affective sensory input may greatly contribute to its rapid and efficient processing. This review points to the role of affective information in the context of the ‘predictive brain’. It particularly focuses on repetition suppression (RS) effects that have recently been linked to prediction processes. The findings are interpreted as evidence for more pronounced prediction processes with affective material. Importantly, it is argued that bottom-up attention inflates the neural RS effect, and because affective stimuli tend to attract more bottom-up attention, it thereby particularly overshadows the magnitude of RS effects for this information. Finally, anxiety disorders, such as social phobia, are briefly discussed as manifestations of modulations in affective prediction.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2016-06-062016-08-262016-09-09
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01365
PMID: 27667980
PMC: PMC5016514
Other: eCollection 2016
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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 Sequence Number: 1365 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: /journals/resource/1664-1078