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  Do surprised faces affect infants’ attention toward novel objects?

Hoehl, S., & Pauen, S. (2011). Do surprised faces affect infants’ attention toward novel objects? NeuroReport, 22(17), 906-910. doi:10.1097/WNR.0b013e32834cd751.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-B201-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-D584-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Hoehl, Stefanie1, Author              
Pauen, Sabina, Author
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1Institute of Psychology, University of Heidelberg, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Emotional expressions; Event-related potentials; Infant development; Social learning
 Abstract: Previous research has shown that expressions of fear have an effect on infants’ object processing. This event-related potential study addresses the question whether surprised faces affect infants’ brain responses to objects in a similar way, as both expressions share a crucial perceptual feature, wide-opened eyes. Three-month and 9-month-old infants were presented with surprised and neutral faces gazing toward objects. Following each face looking toward an object, the object was presented again without the face. Three-month-olds directed an increased attention to objects that were previously gaze cued by a surprised compared with neutral face as indicated by an enhanced negative central component. This replicates earlier findings using fearful compared with neutral faces as stimuli. Nine-month-olds did not show different responses to objects in both conditions. This suggests that surprised faces have the same effect as fearful faces on 3-month-olds’, but not on 9-month-olds’ object processing. The findings are discussed in terms of social cognitive and visuoperceptual development.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2011-08-292011-09-042011-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e32834cd751
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Title: NeuroReport
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford, UK : Rapid Communications of Oxford Ltd.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 22 (17) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 906 - 910 Identifier: ISSN: 0959-4965
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925578070