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  Skipping of exon 1 in the KCNQ1 gene causes Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome

Zehelein, J., Kathöfer, S., Khalil, M., Alter, M., Thomas, D., Brockmeier, K., et al. (2006). Skipping of exon 1 in the KCNQ1 gene causes Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 281(46), 35397-35403. doi:10.1074/jbc.M603433200.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-BEB5-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-BEB6-5
Genre: Journal Article
Alternative Title : Skipping of exon 1 in the KCNQ1 gene causes Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome

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JBiolChem_281_2006_35397.pdf (Any fulltext), 455KB
 
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 Creators:
Zehelein, Joerg1, Author              
Kathöfer, Sven, Author
Khalil, Markus, Author
Alter, Markus, Author
Thomas, Dierck, Author
Brockmeier, Konrad, Author
Ulmer, Herbert E., Author
Katus, Hugo A., Author
Koenen, Michael1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Molecular Neurobiology, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1497704              
2Department of Cell Physiology, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1497701              

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 Abstract: The Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (JLNS) is a rare autosomal recessive form of the long QT syndrome linked with a profound hearing loss caused by mutations affecting both alleles of either the KCNQ1 or the KCNE1 gene. We carried out a mutant screening of the KCNQ1 and KCNE1 genes in a clinical diagnosed German family with JLNS. Family members were examined by single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and PCR and amplified products were characterized by DNA sequence analysis. We identified a splice donor mutation of exon 1 in the KCNQ1 gene (G477+1A). Analysis of lymphocyte RNA by RT-PCR revealed that two symptomatic patients, homozygous for the mutant allele, exclusively produce KCNQ1 transcripts lacking exon 1 leading to a frameshift that introduced a premature termination codon at exon 4. Mutant subunits, functionally characterized in Xenpous oocytes, were unable to form homomeric channels but strongly reduced IKs (slowly activating delayed rectifier potassium current) in vitro (mutant isoforms 1 and 2 by 62 and 86%, respectively), a fact supposed to lead to severely affected heterozygous individuals. However, individuals heterozygous for the mutant allele exhibit an asymptomatic cardiac phenotype. Thus, the observed dominant-negative effect of mutant subunits in vitro is absent in vivo leaving heterozygous individuals unaffected. These data suggest mechanisms that prevent production of truncated KCNQ1 channel subunits in cardiomyocytes of individuals heterozygous for the mutant allele.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2006-04-102006-09-192006-09-192006-11-17
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 7
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: eDoc: 665397
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M603433200
URI: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16987820
Other: 6641
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Title: The Journal of Biological Chemistry
  Other : JBC
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Baltimore, etc. : American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology [etc.]
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 281 (46) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 35397 - 35403 Identifier: ISSN: 0021-9258
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925410826_1