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  Direction-selective cells

Euler, T., & Hausselt, S. (2008). Direction-selective cells. In R. H. Masland, & T. D. Albright (Eds.), The Senses − A Comprehensive Reference (pp. 413-422). San Diego: Academic Press.

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Genre: Book Chapter
Alternative Title : 1.19 – Direction-Selective Cells

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Sense.pdf (Any fulltext), 2MB
 
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 Creators:
Euler, Thomas1, Author              
Hausselt, Susanne1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Biomedical Optics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1497699              

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Free keywords: Amacrine cells; cholinergic amacrine cells; direction selectivity; direction detector; ganglion cells; global motion; image motion; local motion; motion direction; optokinetic nystagmus; retina; starburst amacrine cell
 Abstract: It is essential for the visual system to detect image motion and to compute its direction and speed. Information on local motion is needed to predict the trajectory of moving objects, whereas information on global motion provides important feedback about body and head movement relative to the environment. That the computation of image motion starts in the retina was discovered more than 40 years ago: when Barlow and his colleagues recorded from retinal ganglion cells in the rabbit, they found a subset of cells that fired vigorously when an object moved in a certain (preferred) direction across their receptive fields but remained silent when the object moved in the opposite (null) direction. This chapter provides an overview of these direction-selective ganglion cells and the neuronal circuitry that underlies direction selectivity in the vertebrate retina.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2008
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 12
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Degree: -

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Title: The Senses − A Comprehensive Reference
Source Genre: Book
 Creator(s):
Basbaum, A. I., Author
Kaneko, A., Author
Shepherd, G. M., Author
Westheimer, G., Author
Masland, R. H., Editor
Albright, T. D., Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: San Diego : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 1 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 413 - 422 Identifier: ISBN: 978-0-12-370880-9