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  Slips of action and sequential decisions: A cross-validation study of tasks assessing habitual and goal-directed action control

Sjoerds, Z., Dietrich, A., Deserno, L., De Wit, S., Villringer, A., Heinze, H.-J., et al. (2016). Slips of action and sequential decisions: A cross-validation study of tasks assessing habitual and goal-directed action control. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10: 234. doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00234.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-0FE6-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-1EDB-6
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Sjoerds, Zsuzsika1, Author              
Dietrich, Anja1, Author              
Deserno, Lorenz1, 2, 3, Author              
De Wit, Sanne4, 5, Author
Villringer, Arno1, 6, Author              
Heinze, Hans-Joachim3, 7, Author
Schlagenhauf, Florian1, 2, 3, Author              
Horstmann, Annette1, 8, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
2Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Neurology, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
5Amsterdam Brain and Cognition (ABC), University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
6Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7Department of Behavioral Neurology, Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology, Magdeburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
8Integrated Research and Treatment Center Adiposity Diseases, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Goal-directed; Habit; Model-based; Model-free; Cross-validation; Sequential decision making; Slips-of-action; Reinforcement learning
 Abstract: Instrumental learning and decision-making rely on two parallel systems: a goal-directed and a habitual system. In the past decade, several paradigms have been developed to study these systems in animals and humans by means of e.g. overtraining, devaluation procedures and sequential decision-making. These different paradigms are thought to measure the same constructs, but cross-validation has rarely been investigated. In this study we compared two widely used paradigms that assess aspects of goal-directed and habitual behavior. We correlated parameters from a two-step sequential decision-making task that assesses model-based and model-free learning with a slips-of-action paradigm that assesses the ability to suppress cue-triggered, learnt responses when the outcome has been devalued and is therefore no longer desirable. Model-based control during the two-step task showed a very moderately positive correlation with goal-directed devaluation sensitivity, whereas model-free control did not. Interestingly, parameter estimates of model-based and goal-directed behavior in the two tasks were positively correlated with higher-order cognitive measures (e.g. visual short-term memory). These cognitive measures seemed to (at least partly) mediate the association between model-based control during sequential decision-making and goal-directed behavior after instructed devaluation. This study provides moderate support for a common framework to describe the propensity towards goal-directed behavior as measured with two frequently used tasks. However, we have to caution that the amount of shared variance between the goal-directed and model-based system in both tasks was rather low, suggesting that each task does also pick up distinct aspects of goal-directed behavior. Further investigation of the commonalities and differences between the model-free and habit systems as measured with these, and other, tasks is needed. Also, a follow-up cross-validation on the neural systems driving these constructs across different paradigms would promote the definition and operationalization of measures of instrumental learning and decision-making in humans.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2016-10-102016-11-182016-12-20
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00234
PMID: 28066200
PMC: PMC5167743
Other: eCollection 2016
 Degree: -

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Title: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
  Abbreviation : Front Behav Neurosci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lausanne, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 Sequence Number: 234 Start / End Page: - Identifier: Other: 1662-5153
CoNE: /journals/resource/1662-5153