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  At what institutions did Nobel laureates do their prize-winning work? An analysis of biographical information on Nobel laureates from 1994 to 2014

Schlagberger, E. M., Bornmann, L., & Bauer, J. (2016). At what institutions did Nobel laureates do their prize-winning work? An analysis of biographical information on Nobel laureates from 1994 to 2014. Scientometrics, 109(2), 723-767. doi:10.1007/s11192-016-2059-2.

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© The Author(s) 2016 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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 Creators:
Schlagberger, Elisabeth Maria1, Author              
Bornmann, Lutz2, Author
Bauer, Johann1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Scientific Service Groups, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1565170              
2external, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: EXTERNAL INFLUENCE; FIELDS MEDALISTS; SOCIETAL IMPACT; AWARDS; PRIZE; ARTICLES; EXCELLENCE; MEDICINE; INDEX; AGEComputer Science; Information Science & Library Science; Nobel Prize; Decisive work; Researcher mobility; Landmark papers; Affiliations;
 Abstract: In this study we examined the institutions (and countries) the Nobel laureates of the three disciplines chemistry, physics and physiology/medicine were affiliated with (from 1994 to 2014) when they did the decisive research work. To be able to frame the results at that time point, we also looked at when the Nobel laureates obtained their Ph.D./M.D. and when they were awarded the Nobel Prize. We examined all 155 Nobel laureates of the last 21 years in physics, chemistry, and physiology/medicine. Results showed that the USA dominated as a country. Statistical analysis also revealed that only three institutions can boast a larger number of Nobelists at all three time points examined: UC Berkeley, Columbia University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Researcher mobility analysis made clear that most of the Nobel laureates were mobile; either after having obtained their Ph.D./M.D. or after writing significant papers that were decisive for the Nobel Prize. Therefore, we distinguished different ways of mobility between countries and between institutions. In most cases, the researchers changed institutes/universities within one and the same country (in first position: the USA, followed, by far, by the United Kingdom, Japan and Germany).

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2016-07-252016
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 45
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: ISI: 000386373000006
DOI: 10.1007/s11192-016-2059-2
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Title: Scientometrics
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 109 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 723 - 767 Identifier: ISSN: 0138-9130
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925470323