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  Ultrafast transitions from solid to liquid and plasma states of graphite induced by X-ray free-electron laser pulses.

Hau-Riege, S. P., Graf, A., Döppner, T., London, R. A., Krzywinski, J., Fortmann, C., et al. (2012). Ultrafast transitions from solid to liquid and plasma states of graphite induced by X-ray free-electron laser pulses. Physical Review Letters, 108(21): 217402. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.217402.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-15B3-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-15C8-C
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Hau-Riege, S. P., Author
Graf, A., Author
Döppner, T., Author
London, R. A., Author
Krzywinski, J., Author
Fortmann, C., Author
Glenzer, S. H., Author
Frank, M., Author
Sokolowski-Tinten, K., Author
Messerschmidt, M., Author
Bostedt, C., Author
Schorb, S., Author
Bradley, J. A., Author
Lutman, A., Author
Rolles, D.1, Author              
Rudenko, A., Author
Rudek, and B., Author
Affiliations:
1Research Group of Structural Dynamics of (Bio)Chemical Systems, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578564              

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 Abstract: We used photon pulses from an x-ray free-electron laser to study ultrafast x-ray-induced transitions of graphite from solid to liquid and plasma states. This was accomplished by isochoric heating of graphite samples and simultaneous probing via Bragg and diffuse scattering at high time resolution. We observe that disintegration of the crystal lattice and ion heating of up to 5 eV occur within tens of femtoseconds. The threshold fluence for Bragg-peak degradation is smaller and the ion-heating rate is faster than current x-ray-matter interaction models predict.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2012-05-23
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.217402
 Degree: -

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Title: Physical Review Letters
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: 5 Volume / Issue: 108 (21) Sequence Number: 217402 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -