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  Tug-of-war between two elastically coupled molecular motors: a case study on force generation and force balance

Uçar, M. C., & Lipowsky, R. (2017). Tug-of-war between two elastically coupled molecular motors: a case study on force generation and force balance. Soft Matter, 13(2), 328-344. doi:10.1039/C6SM01853J.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-2034-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-7F34-C
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Uçar, Mehmet Can1, Author              
Lipowsky, Reinhard1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Reinhard Lipowsky, Theorie & Bio-Systeme, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_1863327              

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 Abstract: Intracellular transport is performed by molecular motors that pull cargos along cytoskeletal filaments. Many cellular cargos are observed to move bidirectionally, with fast transport in both directions. This behaviour can be understood as a stochastic tug-of-war between two teams of antagonistic motors. The first theoretical model for such a tug-of-war, the Muller-Klumpp-Lipowsky (MKL) model, was based on two simplifying assumptions: (i) both motor teams move with the same velocity in the direction of the stronger team, and (ii) this velocity matching and the associated force balance arise immediately after the rebinding of an unbound motor to the filament. In this study, we extend the MKL model by including an elastic coupling between the antagonistic motors, and by allowing the motors to perform discrete motor steps. Each motor step changes the elastic interaction forces experienced by the motors. In order to elucidate the basic concepts of force balance and force fluctuations, we focus on the simplest case of two antagonistic motors, one kinesin against one dynein. We calculate the probability distribution for the spatial separation of the motors and the dependence of this distribution on the motors' unbinding rate. We also compute the probability distribution for the elastic interaction forces experienced by the motors, which determines the average elastic force ?F? and the standard deviation of the force fluctuations around this average value. The average force ?F? is found to decrease monotonically with increasing unbinding rate ?0. The behaviour of the MKL model is recovered in the limit of small ?0. In the opposite limit of large ?0, ?F? is found to decay to zero as 1/?0. Finally, we study the limiting case with ?0 = 0 for which we determine both the force statistics and the time needed to attain the steady state. Our theoretical predictions are accessible to experimental studies of in vitro systems consisting of two antagonistic motors attached to a synthetic scaffold or crosslinked via DNA hybridization.

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 Dates: 2016-11-172017
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1039/C6SM01853J
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Title: Soft Matter
  Abbreviation : Soft Matter
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge, UK : Royal Society of Chemistry
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 13 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 328 - 344 Identifier: ISSN: 1744-683X