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  Physical fitness modulates incidental but not intentional statistical learning of simultaneous auditory sequences during concurrent physical exercise

Daikoku, T., Takahashi, Y., Futagami, H., Tarumoto, N., & Yasuda, H. (2017). Physical fitness modulates incidental but not intentional statistical learning of simultaneous auditory sequences during concurrent physical exercise. Neurological Research, 39(2), 107-116. doi:10.1080/01616412.2016.1273571.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-21A3-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-5641-3
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Daikoku, Tatsuya1, Author              
Takahashi, Yuji2, Author
Futagami, Hiroko3, Author
Tarumoto, Nagayoshi4, Author
Yasuda, Hideki2, Author
Affiliations:
1University of Oxford, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
2Faculty of Community Health Care, Teikyo Heisei University, Toshima, Japan, ou_persistent22              
3Faculty of Medical Sciences, Teikyo University of Science, Toshima, Japan, ou_persistent22              
4Faculty of Human Care, Teikyo Heisei University, Toshima, Japan, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Incidental and intentional statistical learning; Simultaneous sequence; Physical fitness; Exercise; Markov process
 Abstract: In real-world auditory environments, humans are exposed to overlapping auditory information such as those made by human voices and musical instruments even while routine physical activities such as walking and cycling. The present study investigated how concurrent physical exercise affects performance of incidental and intentional learning of overlapping auditory streams, and whether physical fitness modulates the performances of learning. Participants were grouped with 11 participants with lower and higher fitness each, based on their Vo2max value. They were presented simultaneous auditory sequences with a distinct statistical regularity each other (i.e., statistical learning), while they were pedaling on the bike and seating on a bike at rest. In experiment 1, they were instructed to attend to one of the two sequences and ignore to the other sequence. In experiment 2, they were instructed to attend to both of the two sequences. After exposure to the sequences, learning effects was evaluated by familiarity test. In the experiment 1, performance of statistical learning of ignored sequences while concurrently pedaling could be higher in the participants with high than low physical fitness, whereas in attended sequence, there was no significant difference in performance of statistical learning between high than low physical fitness. Furthermore, there was no significant effect of physical fitness on learning while resting. In the experiment 2, the both participants with high and low physical fitness could perform intentional statistical learning of two simultaneous sequences in the both exercise and rest sessions. The improvement of physical fitness might facilitate incidental but not intentional statistical learning of simultaneous auditory sequences while concurrent physical exercise.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2016-11-072016-06-032016-12-112016-12-302017-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/01616412.2016.1273571
PMID: 28034012
Other: Epub 2016
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Title: Neurological Research
  Other : Neurol. Res.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Guilford, Surry [etc.] : Butterworths [etc.]
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 39 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 107 - 116 Identifier: ISSN: 0161-6412
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925478523