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  Interactions among temperature, moisture, and oxygen concentrations in controlling decomposition rates in a boreal forest soil

Sierra, C., Malghani, S., & Loescher, H. W. (2017). Interactions among temperature, moisture, and oxygen concentrations in controlling decomposition rates in a boreal forest soil. Biogeosciences, 14(3), 703-710. doi:10.5194/bg-14-703-2017.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-3E06-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-CD3A-4
Genre: Journal Article

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-703-2017 (Publisher version)
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 Creators:
Sierra, Carlos1, Author              
Malghani, Saadatullah2, 3, Author              
Loescher, Henry W., Author
Affiliations:
1Quantitative Ecosystem Ecology, Dr. C. Sierra, Department Biogeochemical Processes, Prof. S. E. Trumbore, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1497777              
2Molecular Biogeochemistry Group, Dr. G. Gleixner, Department Biogeochemical Processes, Prof. S. E. Trumbore, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1497775              
3IMPRS International Max Planck Research School for Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, Hans-Knöll-Str. 10, 07745 Jena, DE, ou_1497757              

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 Abstract: Determining environmental controls on soil organic matter decomposition is of importance for developing models that predict the effects of environmental change on global soil carbon stocks. There is uncertainty about the environmental controls on decomposition rates at temperature and moisture extremes, particularly at high water content levels and high temperatures. It is uncertain whether observed declines of decomposition rates at high temperatures are due to declines in the heat capacity of extracellular enzymes as predicted by thermodynamic theory, or due to simultaneous declines in soil moisture. It is also uncertain whether oxygen limits decomposition rates at high water contents. Here we present results from a full factorial experiment using organic arctic soils incubated at high temperatures (25 and 35 degrees C), a wide range of water-filled pore space WFPS (15, 30, 60, 90 %), and contrasting oxygen concentrations (1 and 20 %). We found support for the hypothesis that decomposition rates increase at high temperatures provided enough moisture and oxygen is available for decomposition. Furthermore, we found that decomposition rate is mostly limited by oxygen concentrations at high moisture levels; even at 90 % WFPS, decomposition proceeded at high rates in the presence of oxygen. Our results suggest an important degree of interactions among temperature, moisture, and oxygen in determining decomposition rates at the soil-core scale.

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 Dates: 2017-01-272017-02-102017
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: Other: BGC2582
DOI: 10.5194/bg-14-703-2017
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Title: Biogeosciences
  Other : Biogeosciences
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany : Copernicus GmbH on behalf of the European Geosciences Union
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 14 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 703 - 710 Identifier: ISSN: 1726-4170
CoNE: /journals/resource/111087929276006