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  Plants are less negatively affected by flooding when growing in species-rich plant communities

Wright, A. J., de Kroon, H., Visser, E. J. W., Buchmann, T., Ebeling, A., Eisenhauer, N., et al. (2017). Plants are less negatively affected by flooding when growing in species-rich plant communities. New Phytologist, 213(2), 645-656. doi:10.1111/nph.14185.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-53E7-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-DA0F-8
Genre: Journal Article

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.14185 (Publisher version)
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 Creators:
Wright, Alexandra J., Author
de Kroon, Hans, Author
Visser, Eric J. W., Author
Buchmann, Tina, Author
Ebeling, Anne, Author
Eisenhauer, Nico, Author
Fischer, Christine, Author
Hildebrandt, Anke1, Author              
Ravenek, Janneke, Author
Roscher, Christiane, Author
Weigelt, Alexandra, Author
Weisser, Wolfgang, Author
Voesenek, Laurentius A. C. J., Author
Mommer, Liesje, Author
Affiliations:
1FSU Jena Research Group Ecohydrology, Dr. A. Hildebrandt, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_2253648              

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 Abstract: Flooding is expected to increase in frequency and severity in the future. The ecological consequences of flooding are the combined result of species-specific plant traits and ecological context. However, the majority of past flooding research has focused on individual model species under highly controlled conditions. An early summer flooding event in a grassland biodiversity experiment in Jena, Germany, provided the opportunity to assess flooding responses of 60 grassland species in monocultures and 16-species mixtures. We examined plant biomass, species-specific traits (plant height, specific leaf area (SLA), root aerenchyma, starch content) and soil porosity. We found that, on average, plant species were less negatively affected by the flood when grown in higher-diversity plots in July 2013. By September 2013, grasses were unaffected by the flood regardless of plant diversity, and legumes were severely negatively affected regardless of plant diversity. Plants with greater SLA and more root aerenchyma performed better in September. Soil porosity was higher in higher-diversity plots and had a positive effect on plant performance. As floods become more frequent and severe in the future, growing flood-sensitive plants in higher-diversity communities and in soil with greater soil aeration may attenuate the most negative effects of flooding.

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 Dates: 2016-08-042017-012017
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: Other: BGC2593
DOI: 10.1111/nph.14185
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Title: New Phytologist
  Other : New Phytol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Academic Press.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 213 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 645 - 656 Identifier: ISSN: 0028-646X
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925334695