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  Nonlinear summation of M- and L-cone inputs to phasic retinal ganglion cells of the macaque.

Lee, B. B., Martin, P., & Valberg, A. (1989). Nonlinear summation of M- and L-cone inputs to phasic retinal ganglion cells of the macaque. Journal of Neuroscience, 9(4), 1433-1442.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-5BEB-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-5BEE-6
Genre: Journal Article

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Lee, B. B.1, Author              
Martin, P.1, Author              
Valberg, A., Author
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1Department of Membrane Biophysics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578579              

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 Abstract: We have studied the responses of ganglion cells in the macaque retina to stimuli that alternate in color. With most color combinations, the phasic retinal ganglion cells, which sum input from M- and L-cones in both center and surround, showed a response with twice the alternation frequency at equal luminance. This frequency doubling was directly related to the degree to which the M- and L-cones were stimulated out- of-phase with one another, and thus varied with the wavelength combinations used. It was absent with wavelength combinations that lay along tritanopic confusion lines, when at equal luminance the M- and L- cones are not modulated. Such a frequency-doubled response is evidence for a nonlinearity at or before M- and L-cone summation. The effect became much smaller or was abolished when the receptive field center alone was stimulated, indicating that its mechanism lies in the surround or in a center-surround interaction. Also, it was much more marked at high luminance levels, being almost absent at retinal illuminances below 100 td. Its origin is not clear, but it seems to derive more from the L- than the M-cone. The results imply that phasic cells, through this nonlinearity, could respond to the red-green equal luminance borders used in some psychophysical experiments.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 1989-04
 Publication Status: Published in print
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Title: Journal of Neuroscience
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 9 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1433 - 1442 Identifier: -