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  Constructing and probing biomimetic models of the actin cortex with holographic optical tweezers

Schmitz, C. H., Curtis, J. E., & Spatz, J. P. (2004). Constructing and probing biomimetic models of the actin cortex with holographic optical tweezers. In Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 5514 (pp. 446-454). Birmingham: SPIE.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0028-34AF-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-8B74-2
Genre: Conference Paper

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ProcSPIE_5514_2004_446.pdf (Any fulltext), 718KB
 
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https://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.559991 (Any fulltext)
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 Creators:
Schmitz, Christian H.J., Author
Curtis, Jennifer E.1, Author              
Spatz, Joachim P.1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society, ou_2364731              
2Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: holographic optical tweezers, microfluidics, biomimetic system, actin cortex modelling, polymer network
 Abstract: The actin cortex is an adaptive chemo-mechanical polymer network located beneath the cell membrane. A thin, quasi two-dimensional (2D) network, the actin cortex plays a leading role in controlling cellular viscoelasticity, shape, and motility. Regulated by internal and external stimuli, the actin cortex varies its properties with controlled polymerization and depolymerization of actin. For constructing and probing biomimetic actin networks we combined three different techniques to achieve complete spatial, visual and chemical control of the microenvironment: 1) dynamic holographic optical tweezers (HOTs) which produce and independently steer one to hundreds of optical traps, 2) fluorescence microscopy for imaging of actin and 3) a specially-designed microfluidic system, which precisely controls the chemical environment. Using this system, we take two approaches to construct biomimetic 2D actin networks. First HOTs micropattern surfaces with microspheres onto which actin can the be grown. Secondly, HOTs in combination with a multi channel microfluidic system are used to coat optically-trapped microsphere arrays with actin.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2004-10-18
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 9
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1117/12.559991
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Title: Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation
Place of Event: Denver, CO
Start-/End Date: 2004-08-02 - 2004-08-02

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Title: Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation, Proc. SPIE, Vol. 5514
Source Genre: Proceedings
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Publ. Info: Birmingham : SPIE
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 5514 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 446 - 454 Identifier: -

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Title: Proc. SPIE
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Publ. Info: Birmingham : SPIE
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 5514 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0277-786X