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  Microwave-assisted reduction of levulinic acid with alcohols producing γ-valerolactone in the presence of a Ru/C catalyst

Al Shaal, M. G., Calin, M., Delidovich, I., & Palkovits, R. (2016). Microwave-assisted reduction of levulinic acid with alcohols producing γ-valerolactone in the presence of a Ru/C catalyst. Catalysis Communications, 75, 65-68. doi:10.1016/j.catcom.2015.12.001.

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 Creators:
Al Shaal, Mohammad Ghith1, Author              
Calin, Marc2, Author
Delidovich, Irina2, Author
Palkovits, Regina2, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Department Schüth, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_1445589              
2Chair of Heterogeneous Catalysis and Chemical Technology, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 2, 52074 Aachen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Research Group Palkovits, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_1445615              

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Free keywords: Microwave; Hydrogenation; γ-Valerolactone; Levulinic acid; Alkyl levulinates; Ruthenium
 Abstract: Abstract γ-Valerolactone can be synthesized by reduction of levulinic acid and its esters in the presence of secondary alcohols as hydrogen donors and Ru/C as catalyst. The reaction rate increases when using microwave heating. Quantitative formation of γ-valerolactone was observed within 25 min at 160 °C under microwave heating based on levulinic acid and i-propanol. The reaction appears to proceed via a dehydrogenation–hydrogenation sequence.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-12-022016-02-05
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.catcom.2015.12.001
 Degree: -

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Title: Catalysis Communications
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 75 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 65 - 68 Identifier: ISSN: 1566-7367
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/110989848614006