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  Exploring the ruthenium catalysed synthesis of γ-valerolactone in alcohols and utilisation of mild solvent-free reaction conditions

Al Shaal, M. G., Wright, W. R. H., & Palkovits, R. (2012). Exploring the ruthenium catalysed synthesis of γ-valerolactone in alcohols and utilisation of mild solvent-free reaction conditions. Green Chemistry, 14(5), 1260-1263. doi:10.1039/C2GC16631C.

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 Creators:
Al Shaal, Mohammad Ghith1, Author              
Wright, William R. H.2, Author
Palkovits, Regina2, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Department Schüth, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_1445589              
2Institut für Technische und Makromolekulare Chemie, RWTH, Aachen University, Worringerweg 1, Aachen, Germany , ou_persistent22              
3Research Group Palkovits, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_1445615              

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 Abstract: Levulinic acid and alkyl-levulinates have been hydrogenated using a range of supported catalysts. The different reaction outcomes obtained in alternate solvents have been rationalized and the influence of varying catalyst supports examined. A range of solvent free conditions have been investigated with complete LA conversion obtained at temperatures as low as 25 °C.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2012-03-092012-05-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1039/C2GC16631C
 Degree: -

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Title: Green Chemistry
  Other : Green Chem.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge, UK : Royal Society of Chemistry
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 14 (5) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1260 - 1263 Identifier: ISSN: 1463-9262
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925625301