English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Social cognition in aggressive offenders: Impaired empathy, but intact theory of mind

Winter, K., Spengler, S., Bermpohl, F., Singer, T., & Kanske, P. (2017). Social cognition in aggressive offenders: Impaired empathy, but intact theory of mind. Scientific Reports, 7: 670. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00745-0.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-A7BC-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-B87A-5
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
Winter_Spengler_2017.pdf (Publisher version), 2MB
Name:
Winter_Spengler_2017.pdf
Description:
-
Visibility:
Public
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf / [MD5]
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-
License:
-

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Winter, Korina1, 2, Author
Spengler, Stephanie1, Author
Bermpohl, Felix1, Author
Singer, Tania3, Author              
Kanske, Philipp3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Krankenhaus des Maßregelvollzugs Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: Aggressive, violent behaviour is a major burden and challenge for society. It has been linked to deficits in social understanding, but the evidence is inconsistent and the specifics of such deficits are unclear. Here, we investigated affective (empathy) and cognitive (Theory of Mind) routes to understanding other people in aggressive individuals. Twenty-nine men with a history of legally relevant aggressive behaviour (i.e. serious assault) and 32 control participants were tested using a social video task (EmpaToM) that differentiates empathy and Theory of Mind and completed questionnaires on aggression and alexithymia. Aggressive participants showed reduced empathic responses to emotional videos of others’ suffering, which correlated with aggression severity. Theory of Mind performance, in contrast, was intact. A mediation analysis revealed that reduced empathy in aggressive men was mediated by alexithymia. These findings stress the importance of distinguishing between socio-affective and socio-cognitive deficits for understanding aggressive behaviour and thereby contribute to the development of more efficient treatments.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2016-04-292017-03-102017-04-06
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-00745-0
PMID: 28386118
PMC: PMC5429629
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show hide
Project name : -
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Max Planck Society
Project name : -
Grant ID : 01KR1207C
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
Project name : -
Grant ID : BE 2611/2-1
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German Research Foundation (DFG)

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 Sequence Number: 670 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322