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  Durability of platinum-based fuel cell electrocatalysts: Dissolution of bulk and nanoscale platinum

Cherevko, S., Kulyk, N., & Mayrhofer, K. J. J. (2016). Durability of platinum-based fuel cell electrocatalysts: Dissolution of bulk and nanoscale platinum. Nano Energy, 29, 275-298. doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2016.03.005.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-E534-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-C629-5
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Cherevko, Serhiy1, 2, Author              
Kulyk, Nadiia2, Author              
Mayrhofer, Karl J. J.1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Helmholtz-Institute Erlangen-Nuremberg for Renewable Energy (IEK-11), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Egerlandstrasse 3, 91058 Erlangen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Electrocatalysis, Interface Chemistry and Surface Engineering, Max-Planck-Institut für Eisenforschung GmbH, Max Planck Society, ou_1863354              

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Free keywords: Degradation; Electrocatalysis; Fuel cell; Nanoparticles
 Abstract: Platinum- and platinum-alloy-based electrocatalysts are the key component of the state-of-the-art proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Dispersed in the form of nanometer size particles on a high surface-area carbon support and subjected to highly corrosive environment, they can degrade and lead to fuel cell performance deterioration with time. This review is a survey of recent literature of platinum dissolution - a constituent part of the complex degradation mechanism of fuel cell electrocatalyst. The focus is set on two types of surfaces: extended and nanoparticulate. Results obtained on extended surfaces of model bulk electrodes provide fundamental insights into mechanisms of equilibrium and non equilibrium platinum dissolution. This knowledge can be used for the comprehension of platinum dissolution from nanostructured electrodes, both in half-cell aqueous electrolyte and fuel cell environment. Detailed analysis realized in the current work shows that model systems suit well the trends in dissolution of real catalysts. Moreover, dissolution behavior in real fuel cells is portrayed well by half-cell dissolution tests. Peculiarities in dissolution of nanoparticles, especially in the real fuel cell environment are discussed. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2016-11-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 24
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Degree: -

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Title: Nano Energy
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 29 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 275 - 298 Identifier: Other: 2211-2855
CoNE: /journals/resource/2211-2855