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  Reconstructing diet at the Neolithic stalled cairn of the Knowe of Rowiegar, Rousay, Orkney, using stable isotope analysis

Gigleux, C., Richards, M. P., Curtis, N., Hutchison, M., & Britton, K. (2017). Reconstructing diet at the Neolithic stalled cairn of the Knowe of Rowiegar, Rousay, Orkney, using stable isotope analysis. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 13, 272-280. doi:10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.03.048.

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 Creators:
Gigleux, Ciara, Author
Richards, Michael P.1, Author                 
Curtis, Neil, Author
Hutchison, Margaret, Author
Britton, Kate1, Author                 
Affiliations:
1Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497673              

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Free keywords: Bone collagen, Carbon, Coastal subsistence, Isotopes, Neolithic, Nitrogen, Palaeodiet
 Abstract: In this study, human remains from the Neolithic stalled cairn of the Knowe of Rowiegar, Rousay, Orkney (3620–2880 cal BC, 95.4% probability), were analysed for bone collagen stable carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) isotope ratios in order to determine the dietary adaptations of individuals buried at the site, particularly the contribution of marine protein in the diet. Collagen was extracted from bone from 13 individuals (11 males, 1 female, and 1 sub-adult), and stable isotope data generated were compared with previously-published Neolithic Orcadian faunal data, and with human and animal bone collagen isotope data from other published British Neolithic sites. The results from the Knowe of Rowiegar suggest that the dietary protein of those buried at the site was largely terrestrial in origin, which is similar to other British Neolithic bone collagen datasets, albeit with the possible minor inclusion of marine protein. Intra-group comparison highlights the potentially different dietary habits of the single female and sub-adult individuals sampled from the site compared to the interred males. Geographical variations in both humans and animals (particularly in nitrogen isotope ratios) across Britain are examined, and the consumption of marine fish and the influence of herbivore baseline variability in the study of Neolithic human diet are explored.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-06
 Publication Status: Issued
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.03.048
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports
  Alternative Title : Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 13 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 272 - 280 Identifier: ISBN: 2352-409X