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  Synthesis of electronically modified carbon nitride from a processable semiconductor, 3-aminotriazole-1,2,4 oligomer, via a topotactic-like phase transition

Savateev, A., Pronkin, S., Epping, J. D., Willinger, M. G., Antonietti, M., & Dontsova, D. (2017). Synthesis of electronically modified carbon nitride from a processable semiconductor, 3-aminotriazole-1,2,4 oligomer, via a topotactic-like phase transition. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 5(18), 8394-8401. doi:10.1039/C7TA01714F.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002C-F54D-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-5A07-6
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Savateev, Aleksandr1, Author              
Pronkin, Sergey, Author
Epping, Jan Dirk, Author
Willinger, Marc Georg2, Author              
Antonietti, Markus3, Author              
Dontsova, Dariya1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Dariya Dontsova, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_1933288              
2Marc Willinger, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_2364728              
3Markus Antonietti, Kolloidchemie, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Max Planck Society, ou_1863321              

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Free keywords: Open Access
 Abstract: The thermally induced topotactic transformation of organic polymeric semiconductors is achieved using similarity of the chemical structures of the two C,N,H-containing materials. Namely, the oligomer of 3-aminotriazole-1,2,4 (OATA) is transformed into an electronically modified graphitic carbon nitride (OATA-CN) upon heating at 550 °C. During the transition, the flat band potential of the organic semiconductor is only slightly shifted from -0.11 eV to -0.06 eV, while the optical band gap is significantly expanded from 1.8 eV to 2.2 eV. The advantage of the suggested approach is the processability of the starting semiconductor combined with the minor morphology changes during the heat-treatment that enable preservation of the original oligomer micro- and macrostructures in the resulting carbon nitrides. As illustration, different OATA morphologies, including spherical nanoparticles, nanobarrels, nanowires and self-assembled macrospheres and composite sheets are synthesized and then transformed into OATA-CN with the retention of morphology. The surface area of the final carbon nitrides reaches 66 m2/g, without using any templates, auxiliary reagents or post treatment. As a consequence, the photocatalytic activity of the obtained carbon nitrides in the visible light driven hydrogen evolution is up to 5 times higher than measured for the reference bulk carbon nitride prepared by pyrolysis of melamine.

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 Dates: 2017-03-292017-05-14
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1039/C7TA01714F
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Title: Journal of Materials Chemistry A
  Abbreviation : J. Mater. Chem. A
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge, UK : Royal Society of Chemistry
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 5 (18) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 8394 - 8401 Identifier: ISSN: 2050-7488