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  Coil design for real and sham transcranial magnetic stimulation

Ruohonen, J., Ollikainen, M., Nikulin, V. V., Virtanen, J., & Ilmoniemi, R. J. (2000). Coil design for real and sham transcranial magnetic stimulation. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 47(2), 145-148. doi:10.1109/10.821731.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-413A-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-6C49-5
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Ruohonen, J., Author
Ollikainen, M., Author
Nikulin, Vadim V.1, Author              
Virtanen, J., Author
Ilmoniemi, R. J., Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Magnetic stimulation; Coils; Scalp; Biomedical engineering; Muscles; Hospitals; Humans; Electroencephalography; Magnetic heads; Cerebral cortex
 Abstract: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can be used to excite the human cortex noninvasively. TMS also activates scalp muscles and sensory receptors; additionally, the loud sound from the stimulating coil activates auditory pathways. These side effects complicate the interpretation of the results of TMS studies. For control experiments, the authors have designed a coil that can produce both real and sham stimulation without moving the coil. The sham TMS is similar to the real TMS, except for the different relative direction of the currents in the two loops of the figure of eight coil. While the real TMS elicited activation of hand muscles, sham TMS had no such effect; however, the auditory-evoked potentials were similar.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2000-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1109/10.821731
 Degree: -

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Title: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Source Genre: Journal
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Affiliations:
Publ. Info: New York, NY : Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 47 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 145 - 148 Identifier: ISSN: 0018-9294
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/991042742034490