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  Coverage of high biomass forests by the ESA BIOMASS mission under defense restrictions

Carreiras, J. M., Quegan, S., Le Toan, T., Minh, D. H. T., Saatchi, S. S., Carvalhais, N., et al. (2017). Coverage of high biomass forests by the ESA BIOMASS mission under defense restrictions. Remote Sensing of Environment, 196, 154-162. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2017.05.003.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-4463-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-46BE-F
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Carreiras, João M.B., Author
Quegan, Shaun, Author
Le Toan, Thuy, Author
Minh, Dinh Ho Tong, Author
Saatchi, Sassan S., Author
Carvalhais, Nuno1, Author              
Reichstein, Markus2, Author              
Scipal, Klaus, Author
Affiliations:
1Model-Data Integration, Dr. Nuno Carvalhais, Department Biogeochemical Integration, Dr. M. Reichstein, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1938310              
2Department Biogeochemical Integration, Dr. M. Reichstein, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1688139              

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 Abstract: The magnitude of the global terrestrial carbon pool and related fluxes to and from the atmosphere are still poorly known. The European Space Agency P-band radar BIOMASS mission will help to reduce this uncertainty by providing unprecedented information on the distribution of forest above-ground biomass (AGB), particularly in the tropicswhere the gaps are greatest and knowledge ismost needed.Mission selection wasmade in full knowledge of coverage restrictions over Europe, North and Central America imposed by the US Department of Defense Space Objects Tracking Radar (SOTR) stations. Under these restrictions, only 3% of AGB carbon stock coverage is lost in the tropical forest biome,with this biome representing 66% of global AGB carbon stocks in 2005. The loss is more significant in the temperate (72%), boreal (37%) and subtropical (29%) biomes, with these accounting for approximately 12%, 15% and 7%, respectively, of the global forest AGB carbon stocks. In terms of global carbon cycle modelling, there is minimal impact in areas of high AGB density, since mainly lower biomass forests in cooler climates are affected. In addition, most areas affected by the SOTR stations are located in industrialized countries with well-developed national forest inventories, so that extensive information on AGB is already available. Hence the main scientific objectives of the BIOMASS mission are not seriously compromised. Furthermore, several space sensors that can estimate AGB in lower biomass forests are in orbit or planned for launch between now and the launch of BIOMASS in 2021, which will help to fill the gaps in mission coverage.

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 Dates: 2017-05-032017-05-12
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: Other: BGC2632
DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2017.05.003
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Title: Remote Sensing of Environment
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: New York : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 196 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 154 - 162 Identifier: ISSN: 0034-4257
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925437513