English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Clara Immerwahr: A life in the shadow of Fritz Haber

Friedrich, B., & Hoffmann, D. (2017). Clara Immerwahr: A life in the shadow of Fritz Haber. In B. Friedrich, D. Hoffmann, J. Renn, F. Schmaltz, & M. Wolf (Eds.), One Hundred Years of Chemical Warfare: Research, Deployment, Consequences (pp. 45-67). Cham: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-51664-6_4.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-7FF9-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-4CD6-9
Genre: Book Chapter

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
10.1007_978-3-319-51664-6_4.pdf (Publisher version), 442KB
Name:
10.1007_978-3-319-51664-6_4.pdf
Description:
-
Visibility:
Public
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf / [MD5]
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
2017
Copyright Info:
© The Author(s)

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Friedrich, Bretislav1, Author              
Hoffmann, Dieter2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Molecular Physics, Fritz Haber Institute, Max Planck Society, ou_634545              
2Department Structural Changes in Systems of Knowledge, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Max Planck Society, ou_2266695              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: We examine the life of Clara Haber, nee Immerwahr (1870–1915), including her tragic suicide and its possible relation to the involvement of her husband, Fritz Haber, in chemical warfare. Clara earned a doctorate in chemistry from the University of Breslau, in 1900, as the first woman ever, and married the physical chemist Fritz Haber within a year of her graduation. With no employment available for female scientists, Clara freelanced as an instructor in the continued education of women, mainly housewives, while struggling not to become a housewife herself. Her duties as the designated head of a posh household hardly brought fulfillment to her life. The outbreak of WWI further exacerbated the situation, as Fritz Haber applied himself in extraordinary ways to aid the German war effort, which included his initiative to develop chemical weapons. The night that he celebrated the “success” of the first chlorine cloud attack and his promotion to the rank of captain, Clara committed suicide. However, we found little evidence to support express claims that Clara was an outspoken pacifist who took her life because of her disapproval of her husband’s engagement in chemical warfare. We examine the origin of this “myth of Clara Immerwahr” that took root in the 1990s from the perspective offered by the available scholarly sources, including those that have only recently come to light.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-11-282017-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 23
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51664-6_4
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: One Hundred Years of Chemical Warfare: Research, Deployment, Consequences
Source Genre: Book
 Creator(s):
Friedrich, Bretislav, Editor
Hoffmann, Dieter, Editor
Renn, Jürgen, Editor
Schmaltz, Florian, Editor
Wolf, Martin, Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: Cham : Springer
Pages: XI, 408 Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 45 - 67 Identifier: ISBN: 978-3-319-51664-6
ISBN: 978-3-319-51663-9
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51664-6