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  Human memory retrieval and inhibitory control in the brain: beyond correlational evidence

Penolazzi, B., Stramaccia, D., Braga, M., Mondini, S., & Galfano, G. (2014). Human memory retrieval and inhibitory control in the brain: beyond correlational evidence. The Journal of Neuroscience, 34(19), 6606-6610. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0349-14.2014.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002D-915F-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-7CE3-2
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Penolazzi, Barbara1, Author
Stramaccia, Davide1, Author              
Braga, Miriam1, Author
Mondini, Sara1, Author
Galfano, Giovanni1, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Cognitive control; DLPFC; Inhibition; Memory; Retrieval; tDCS
 Abstract: Retrieving information from long-term memory can result in the episodic forgetting of related material. One influential account states that this retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) phenomenon reflects inhibitory mechanisms called into play to decrease retrieval competition. Recent neuroimaging studies suggested that the prefrontal cortex, which is critically engaged in inhibitory processing, is also involved in retrieval competition situations. Here, we used transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to address whether inhibitory processes could be causally linked to RIF. tDCS was administered over the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex during the retrieval-practice phase in a standard retrieval-practice paradigm. Sixty human participants were randomly assigned to anodal, cathodal, or sham-control groups. The groups showed comparable benefits for practiced items. In contrast, unlike both the sham and anodal groups, the cathodal group exhibited no RIF. This pattern is interpreted as evidence for a causal role of inhibitory mechanisms in episodic retrieval and forgetting.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2014-04-042014-01-262014-04-052014-05-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: penolazzi2014human
DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0349-14.2014
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Title: The Journal of Neuroscience
  Other : The Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
  Abbreviation : J. Neurosci.
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : Society of Neuroscience
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 34 (19) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 6606 - 6610 Identifier: ISSN: 0270-6474
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925502187_1