English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Functional genomics of sulfate-reducing prokaryotes

Rabus, R., & Strittmatter, A. (2007). Functional genomics of sulfate-reducing prokaryotes. In L. Barton, & W. A. Hamilton (Eds.), Sulphate-Reducing Bacteria: Environmental and Engineered Systems (pp. 117-140). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-CEE2-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-845C-D
Genre: Book Chapter

Files

show Files

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Rabus, Ralf1, Author              
Strittmatter, A., Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Microbiology, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society, ou_2481695              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: Besides their challenging and ancient energy metabolism, and applied relevance, much of the interest in sulphate-reducing bacteria arises from their ecophysiological significance in marine environments (Widdel, 1998). In the biologically highly active shelf sediments they contribute to more than 50% of organic carbon remineralization (Jørgensen, 1982), which can only be explained by complete substrate oxidation (Fenchel and Jørgensen, 1977). While this capacity is not present among the frequently isolated and intensively studied Desulfovibrio spp., it could be demonstrated with e.g. the newly isolated Desulfobacter postgatei (Widdel and Pfennig, 1981) and Desulfobacterium autotrophicum (Brysch et al., 1987). The latter employs the C1/CO-dehydrogenase pathway for complete oxidation of acetate to CO2 as well as for CO2-fixation (Schauder et al., 1989). Most of the known sulphate-reducing bacteria can be grouped into the two deltaproteobacterial families Desulfovibrionaceae (Devereux et al., 1990) or Desulfobacteriaceae (Widdel and Bak, 1992). This phylogenetic distinction is to a large extent paralleled by the capacities for incomplete (to acetate) and complete (to CO2) oxidation of organic substrates, respectively. At present, more than 450 prokaryotic genomes have been completely sequenced and about 1000 further prokaryotic genomes are in progress (http://www.genomesonline.org). While most genome projects primarily reflect biotechnological or biomedical research interests, environmentally relevant microorganisms have been selected for genome sequencing projects only during the last few years. This chapter provides an overview of the technologies involved and of the current status of genomic research with sulphate-reducing prokaryotes.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2007
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: eDoc: 356796
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Sulphate-Reducing Bacteria: Environmental and Engineered Systems
Source Genre: Book
 Creator(s):
Barton, L.L., Editor
Hamilton, W. A., Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 117 - 140 Identifier: -