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  Light-induced protein nitration and degradation with HONO emission

Meusel, H., Elshorbany, Y., Kuhn, U., Bartels-Rausch, T., Reinmuth-Selzle, K., Kampf, C. J., et al. (2017). Light-induced protein nitration and degradation with HONO emission. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17(19), 11819-11833. doi:10.5194/acp-17-11819-2017.

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 Creators:
Meusel, H.1, Author              
Elshorbany, Yasin, Author
Kuhn, U.1, Author              
Bartels-Rausch, Thorsten, Author
Reinmuth-Selzle, K.1, Author              
Kampf, Christopher J., Author
Li, G.1, Author              
Wang, X.1, Author              
Lelieveld, J.2, Author              
Pöschl, U.1, Author              
Hoffmann, Thorsten, Author
Su, H.1, Author              
Ammann, Markus, Author
Cheng, Y. F.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Multiphase Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1826290              
2Atmospheric Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1826285              

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 Abstract: Proteins can be nitrated by air pollutants (NO2), enhancing their allergenic potential. This work provides insight into protein nitration and subsequent decomposition in the present of solar radiation. We also investigated light-induced formation of nitrous acid (HONO) from protein surfaces that were nitrated either online with instantaneous gas phase exposure to NO2 or offline by an efficient nitration agent (tetranitromethane, TNM). Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and ovalbumin (OVA) were used as model substances for proteins. Nitration degrees of about 1 % were derived applying NO2 concentrations of 100 ppb under VIS/UV illuminated condition, while simultaneous decomposition of (nitrated) proteins was also found during long-term (20 h) irradiation exposure. Gas exchange measurements of TNM-nitrated proteins revealed that HONO can be formed and released even without contribution of instantaneous heterogeneous NO2 conversion. However, fumigation with NO2 was found to increase HONO emissions substantially. In particular, a strong dependence of HONO emissions on light intensity, relative humidity (RH), NO2 concentrations and the applied coating thickness were found. The 20 hours long-term studies revealed sustained HONO formation, even if concentrations of the intact (nitrated) proteins were too low to be detected after the gas exchange measurements. A reaction mechanism for the NO2 conversion based on the Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetics is proposed.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-11819-2017
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Title: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany : European Geosciences Union
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 17 (19) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 11819 - 11833 Identifier: ISSN: 1680-7316
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/111030403014016