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  Specific reduction in cortisol stress reactivity after social but not attention-based mental training

Engert, V., Kok, B. E., Papassotiriou, I., Chrousos, G. P., & Singer, T. (2017). Specific reduction in cortisol stress reactivity after social but not attention-based mental training. Science Advances, 3(10): e1700495. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700495.

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Datensatz-Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-1148-D Versions-Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-8019-2
Genre: Zeitschriftenartikel

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 Urheber:
Engert, Veronika1, Autor              
Kok, Bethany E.1, Autor              
Papassotiriou, Iannis2, Autor
Chrousos, George P.3, Autor
Singer, Tania1, Autor              
Affiliations:
1Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              
2Department of Clinical Biochemistry, “Aghia Sophia” Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece, ou_persistent22              
3First Department of Pediatrics, “Aghia Sophia” Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece, ou_persistent22              

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 Zusammenfassung: sychosocial stress is a public health burden in modern societies. Chronic stress – induced disease processes are, in large part, mediated via the activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the sympathetic- adrenal-medullary system. We asked whether the contemplative mental training of differen t practice types targeting attentional, socio-affective (for example, compassion), or socio-cognitive abilities (for example, perspective-taking) in the context of a 9-month longitudinal training study offers an effective means for psychosocial stress reduction. Using a multimethod approach including subjective, endocrine, autonomic, and immune markers and testing 313 participants in a standardized psychosoc ial laboratory stressor, we show that all three practice types markedly reduced self-reported stress reactivity in healthy participants. However, only the training of intersubjective skills via socio- affective and socio-cognitive routes attenuated the physiological stress response, specifically the secretion of the HPA axis end-product cortisol, by up to 51%. The assessed autonomic and innate immune markers were not influenced by any practice type. Mental training focused on present-moment attention and interoceptive awareness as im- plemented in many mindfulness-based intervention programs was thus limited to stress reduction on the level of self-report. However, its effectivenes s was equal to that of intersubjective practice types in boosting the association between subjective and endocrine stress markers. Our results reveal a broadly accessible low-cost approach to acquiring psychosocial stress resilience. Short daily intersubjective practice may be a promising method for mini- mizing the incidence of chronic social stress – related disease, thereby reducing individual suffering and relieving a substantial financial burden on society.

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Sprache(n): eng - Englisch
 Datum: 2017-08-242017-10-04
 Publikationsstatus: Online publiziert
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 Ort, Verlag, Ausgabe: -
 Inhaltsverzeichnis: -
 Art der Begutachtung: Expertenbegutachtung
 Identifikatoren: DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1700495
 Art des Abschluß: -

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Titel: Science Advances
  Andere : Sci. Adv.
Genre der Quelle: Zeitschrift
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Ort, Verlag, Ausgabe: Washington : AAAS
Seiten: - Band / Heft: 3 (10) Artikelnummer: e1700495 Start- / Endseite: - Identifikator: ISSN: 2375-2548
CoNE: /journals/resource/2375-2548