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  Integrin-assisted T‑cell activation on nanostructured hydrogels

Guasch, J., Muth, C., Diemer, J., Riahinezhad, H., & Spatz, J. P. (2017). Integrin-assisted T‑cell activation on nanostructured hydrogels. Nano Letters, 17(10), 6110-6116. doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02636.

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 Creators:
Guasch, Judit1, 2, Author              
Muth, Christine1, Author              
Diemer, Jennifer1, 2, Author              
Riahinezhad, Hossein, Author
Spatz, Joachim P.1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Cellular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute for Medical Research, Max Planck Society, ou_2364731              
2Biophysical Chemistry, Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Nanostructures, hydrogels, T-cells, peptides, integrins
 Abstract: Adoptive cell therapy (ACT) has shown very promising results as treatment for cancer in a few clinical trials, such as the complete remissions of otherwise terminal leukemia patients. Nevertheless, the introduction of ACT into clinics requires overcoming not only medical but also technical challenges, such as the ex vivo expansion of large amounts of specific T-cells. Nanostructured surfaces represent a novel T-cell stimulation technique that enables us to fine-tune the density and orientation of activating molecules presented to the cells. In this work, we studied the influence of integrin-mediated cell-adhesion on T-cell activation, proliferation, and differentiation using nanostructured surfaces, which provide a well-defined system at the nanoscale compared with standard cultures. Specifically, we synthesized a polymeric polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel cross-linked with two fibronectin-derived peptides, cyclic Arg-Gly-Asp (cRGD) and cyclic Leu-Asp-Val (cLDV), that are known to activate different integrins. Moreover, the hydrogels were decorated with a quasi-hexagonal array of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) functionalized with the activating antibody CD3 to initiate T-cell activation. Both cLDV and cRGD hydrogels showed higher T-cell activation (CD69 expression and IL-2 secretion) than nonfunctionalized PEG hydrogels. However, only the cRGD hydrogels clearly supported proliferation giving a higher proportion of cells with memory (CD4+CD45RO+) than naı̈ve (CD4+CD45RA+) phenotypes when interparticle distances smaller than 150 nm were used. Thus, T-cell proliferation can be enhanced by the activation of integrins through the RGD sequence.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-08-252017-06-222017-09-062017-09-062017
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 7
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
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Title: Nano Letters
  Abbreviation : Nano Lett.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : American Chemical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 17 (10) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 6110 - 6116 Identifier: ISSN: 1530-6984
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/110978984570403