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  Effects of working memory capacity in processing wh-extractions: eye-movement evidence from Chinese–English bilinguals

Zhou, H., Rossi, S., Li, J., Liu, H., Chen, R., & Chen, B. (2017). Effects of working memory capacity in processing wh-extractions: eye-movement evidence from Chinese–English bilinguals. Journal of Research in Reading, 40(4), 420-438. doi:10.1111/1467-9817.12079.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-1295-A Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-5F15-C
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Zhou, Huixia1, 2, Author
Rossi, Sonja3, 4, Author              
Li, Juan2, Author
Liu, Huanhuan1, Author
Chen, Ran1, Author
Chen, Baoguo1, Author
Affiliations:
1School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, China, ou_persistent22              
2Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, ou_persistent22              
3Department for Hearing, Speech and Voice Disorders, Innsbruck Medical University, Austria, ou_persistent22              
4Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              

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 Abstract: By using the eye-tracking method, the present study explores whether working memory capacity assessed via the second language (L2) reading span (L2WMC) as well as the operational span task (OSPAN) affects the processing of subject-extraction and object-extraction in Chinese–English bilinguals. Results showed that L2WMC has no effects on the grammatical judgement accuracies, the first fixation duration, gaze duration, go-past times and total fixation duration of the critical regions in wh-extractions. In contrast, OSPAN influences the first fixation duration and go-past times of the critical regions in wh-extractions. Specifically, in region 1, (e.g., Who do you think loved the comedian [region 1] with [region 2] all his heart [subject-extraction]? versus Who do you think the comedian loved [region 1] with [region 2] all his heart? [object-extraction]), participants with high OSPAN were much slower than those with low OSPAN in their first fixation duration in reading subject-extractions, whereas there were no differences between participants with different OSPANs in reading object-extractions. In region 2, participants with high OSPAN were much faster than those with low OSPAN in their go-past times of object-extractions. These results indicated that individual differences in OSPAN rather than in L2WMC more strongly affect processing of wh-extractions. Thus, OSPAN results to be more suitable to explore the influences of working memory while processing L2 sentences with complex syntax, at least for intermediate proficient bilinguals. Results of the study also provide further support for the Capacity Theory of Comprehension.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2016-05-112015-05-142016-06-022016-07-162017-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1111/1467-9817.12079
PMID: 24843434
PMC: PMC4020723
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Research in Reading
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Malden : Wiley-Blackwell
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 40 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 420 - 438 Identifier: ISSN: 0141-0423
CoNE: /journals/resource/0141-0423