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  Obligatory and facultative brain regions for voice-identity recognition

Roswandowitz, C., Kappes, C., Obrig, H., & von Kriegstein, K. (2018). Obligatory and facultative brain regions for voice-identity recognition. Brain, 141(1), 234-247. doi:10.1093/brain/awx313.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-2355-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-0F2E-9
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Roswandowitz, Claudia1, 2, Author              
Kappes, Claudia1, Author
Obrig, Hellmuth3, 4, Author              
von Kriegstein, Katharina1, 5, 6, Author              
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Neural Mechanisms of Human Communication, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634556              
2International Max Planck Research School on Neuroscience of Communication, Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
4Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Department of Psychology, TU Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Voice-identity recognition; Voxel-based lesion-behaviour mapping; Posterior/mid temporal lobe; Inferior parietal lobe
 Abstract: Recognising the identity of others by their voice is an important skill for social interactions. To date, it remains controversial which parts of the brain are critical structures for this skill. Based on neuroimaging findings, standard models of person-identity recognition suggest that the right temporal lobe is the hub for voice-identity recognition. Neuropsychological case studies, however, reported selective deficits of voice-identity recognition in patients predominantly with right inferior parietal lobe lesions. Here, our aim was to work towards resolving the discrepancy between neuroimaging studies and neuropsychological case studies to find out which brain structures are critical for voice-identity recognition in humans. We performed a voxel-based lesion-behaviour mapping study in a cohort of patients (n=58) with unilateral focal brain lesions. The study included a comprehensive behavioural test battery on voice-identity recognition of newly learned (voice-name, voice-face association learning) and familiar voices (famous voice recognition) as well as visual (face-identity recognition) and acoustic control tests (vocal-pitch and vocal-timbre discrimination). The study also comprised clinically established tests (neuropsychological assessment, audiometry) and high-resolution structural brain images. The three key findings were: (i) a strong association between voice-identity recognition performance and right posterior/mid temporal and right inferior parietal lobe lesions; (ii) a selective association between right posterior/mid temporal lobe lesions and voice-identity recognition performance when face-identity recognition performance was factored out; (iii) an association of right inferior parietal lobe lesions with tasks requiring the association between voices and faces but not voices and names. The results imply that the right posterior/mid temporal lobe is an obligatory structure for voice-identity recognition, while the inferior parietal lobe is only a facultative component of voice-identity recognition in situations where additional face-identity processing is required.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-08-312017-06-302017-10-112017-12-082018-01-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/brain/awx313
PMID: 29228111
PMC: PMC5837691
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Funding program : Max Planck Research Group Grant
Funding organization : Max Planck Society

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Title: Brain
  Other : Brain
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Macmillan
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 141 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 234 - 247 Identifier: ISSN: 0006-8950
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925385135