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  Cardiac concomitants of feedback and prediction error processing in reinforcement learning

Kastner, L., Kube, J., Villringer, A., & Neumann, J. (2017). Cardiac concomitants of feedback and prediction error processing in reinforcement learning. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11: 598. doi:10.3389/fnins.2017.00598.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-28B6-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-B454-3
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Kastner, Lucas1, 2, Author              
Kube, Jana1, 2, 3, Author              
Villringer, Arno1, 2, 4, 5, Author              
Neumann, Jane1, 2, 6, Author              
Affiliations:
1Integrated Research and Treatment Center Adiposity Diseases, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
3Department of Law and Social Sciences, Brandenburg University of Technology, Senftenberg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Department of Medical Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Applied Sciences, Jena, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Reinforcement learning; Prediction error; Reward; Punishment; Heart rate; Gender; Obesity
 Abstract: Successful learning hinges on the evaluation of positive and negative feedback. We assessed differential learning from reward and punishment in a monetary reinforcement learning paradigm, together with cardiac concomitants of positive and negative feedback processing. On the behavioral level, learning from reward resulted in more advantageous behavior than learning from punishment, suggesting a differential impact of reward and punishment on successful feedback-based learning. On the autonomic level, learning and feedback processing were closely mirrored by phasic cardiac responses on a trial-by-trial basis: (1) Negative feedback was accompanied by faster and prolonged heart rate deceleration compared to positive feedback. (2) Cardiac responses shifted from feedback presentation at the beginning of learning to stimulus presentation later on. (3) Most importantly, the strength of phasic cardiac responses to the presentation of feedback correlated with the strength of prediction error signals that alert the learner to the necessity for behavioral adaptation. Considering participants' weight status and gender revealed obesity-related deficits in learning to avoid negative consequences and less consistent behavioral adaptation in women compared to men. In sum, our results provide strong new evidence for the notion that during learning phasic cardiac responses reflect an internal value and feedback monitoring system that is sensitive to the violation of performance-based expectations. Moreover, inter-individual differences in weight status and gender may affect both behavioral and autonomic responses in reinforcement-based learning.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-03-072017-10-112017-10-30
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2017.00598
PMID: 29163004
PMC: PMC5670147
Other: eCollection 2017
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Project name : -
Grant ID : 01EO1001
Funding program : -
Funding organization : IFB Adiposity Diseases, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
Project name : Obesity Mechanisms / SFB 1052
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German Research Foundation (DFG)

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Title: Frontiers in Neuroscience
  Other : Front Neurosci
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Lausanne, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 11 Sequence Number: 598 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1662-4548
ISSN: 1662-453X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1662-4548