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  Sentence-Level Effects of Literary Genre: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Evidence

Blohm, S., Menninghaus, W., & Schlesewsky, M. (2017). Sentence-Level Effects of Literary Genre: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Evidence. Frontiers in Psychology, 8: 1887. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01887.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-353E-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-353F-0
Genre: Journal Article
Alternative Title : Sentence-Level Effects of Literary Genre

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© 2017 Blohm, Menninghaus and Schlesewsky. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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 Creators:
Blohm, Stefan1, 2, Author              
Menninghaus, Winfried1, Author              
Schlesewsky, Matthias, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Language and Literature, Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2421695              
2Department of English and Linguistics, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany,, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: ERP,N400,P600,Text type,genre,Poetry,implicit prosody,schwa/zero alternation
 Abstract: The current study used event-related brain potentials (ERPs) and behavioral measures to examine effects of genre awareness on sentence processing and evaluation. We hypothesized that genre awareness modulates effects of genre-typical manipulations. We manipulated instructions between participants, either specifying a genre (poetry) or not (neutral). Sentences contained genre-typical variations of semantic congruency (congruent/incongruent) and morpho-phonological features (archaic/contemporary inflections). Offline ratings of meaningfulness (n=64/group) showed higher average ratings for semantically incongruent sentences in the poetry vs. neutral condition. ERPs during sentence reading (n=24/group; RSVP presentation at a fixed per-constituent rate; probe task) showed a left-lateralized N400-like effect for archaic versus contemporary inflections. Semantic congruency elicited a bilateral posterior N400 effect for incongruent versus congruent continuations followed by a centro-parietal positivity (P600). While N400 amplitudes were insensitive to the genre, the latency of the P600 was delayed by the poetry instruction. From these results, we conclude that, during real-time language comprehension, readers are sensitive to subtle morphological manipulations and the implicit prosodic differences that accompany them. By contrast, genre awareness affects later stages of comprehension.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-11-20
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01887
ISSN: 1664-1078
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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 8 Sequence Number: 1887 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -