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  Optogenetic Neuronal Silencing in Drosophila during Visual Processing

Mauss, A. S., Busch, C., & Borst, A. (2017). Optogenetic Neuronal Silencing in Drosophila during Visual Processing. Scientific Reports, 7: 13823. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-14076-7.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-77ED-4 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-7989-5
Genre: Journal Article

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s41598-017-14076-7.pdf (Publisher version), 6MB
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Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
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Mauss, Alex S.1, Author              
Busch, Christian1, Author              
Borst, Alexander1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department: Circuits-Computation-Models / Borst, MPI of Neurobiology, Max Planck Society, ou_1113548              

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Free keywords: MOTION DETECTORS; ANION CHANNELRHODOPSINS; SYNAPTIC-TRANSMISSION; TARGETED EXPRESSION; LOBULA PLATE; INHIBITION; VISION; SYSTEM; FLY; BEHAVIORScience & Technology - Other Topics;
 Abstract: Optogenetic channels and ion pumps have become indispensable tools in neuroscience to manipulate neuronal activity and thus to establish synaptic connectivity and behavioral causality. Inhibitory channels are particularly advantageous to explore signal processing in neural circuits since they permit the functional removal of selected neurons on a trial-by-trial basis. However, applying these tools to study the visual system poses a considerable challenge because the illumination required for their activation usually also stimulates photoreceptors substantially, precluding the simultaneous probing of visual responses. Here, we explore the utility of the recently discovered anion channelrhodopsins GtACR1 and GtACR2 for application in the visual system of Drosophila. We first characterized their properties using a larval crawling assay. We further obtained whole-cell recordings from cells expressing GtACR1, which mediated strong and light-sensitive photocurrents. Finally, using physiological recordings and a behavioral readout, we demonstrate that GtACR1 enables the fast and reversible silencing of genetically targeted neurons within circuits engaged in visual processing.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-10-23
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 12
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 Table of Contents: -
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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 Sequence Number: 13823 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: /journals/resource/2045-2322