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  Speech recovery and language plasticity can be facilitated by Sensori-Motor Fusion training in chronic non-fluent aphasia: A case report study

Haldin, C., Archer, A., Kauffmann, L., Hueber, T., Cousin, E., Badin, P., et al. (2018). Speech recovery and language plasticity can be facilitated by Sensori-Motor Fusion training in chronic non-fluent aphasia: A case report study. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 32(7), 595-562. doi:10.1080/02699206.2017.1402090.

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 Creators:
Haldin, Célise1, Author
Archer, Audrey2, Author
Kauffmann, Louise3, Author              
Hueber, Thomas4, Author
Cousin, Emilie1, 5, Author
Badin, Pierre4, Author
Perrier, Pascal4, Author
Fabre, Diandra4, Author
Perennou, Dominic1, 6, Author
Detante, Olivier1, 2, Author
Jaillard, Assia5, Author
Lœvenbruck, Hélène1, Author
Baciu, Monica1, Author
Affiliations:
1Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neurocognition (LPNC), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université Grenoble Alpes, France, ou_persistent22              
2Unité neuro-vasculaire, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble, France, ou_persistent22              
3Max Planck Research Group Neural Mechanisms of Human Communication, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634556              
4Gipsa-lab, Université Grenoble Alpes, France, ou_persistent22              
5IRMaGe, Université Grenoble Alpes, France, ou_persistent22              
6Department of NeuroRehabilitation, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Grenoble, France, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Sensori-motor fusion; Therapy; Non-fluent aphasia; Speech disorder
 Abstract: The rehabilitation of speech disorders benefits from providing visual information which may improve speech motor plans in patients. We tested the proof of concept of a rehabilitation method (Sensori-Motor Fusion, SMF; Ultraspeech player) in one post-stroke patient presenting chronic non-fluent aphasia. SMF allows visualisation by the patient of target tongue and lips movements using high-speed ultrasound and video imaging. This can improve the patient’s awareness of his/her own lingual and labial movements, which can, in turn, improve the representation of articulatory movements and increase the ability to coordinate and combine articulatory gestures. The auditory and oro-sensory feedback received by the patient as a result of his/her own pronunciation can be integrated with the target articulatory movements they watch. Thus, this method is founded on sensorimotor integration during speech. The SMF effect on this patient was assessed through qualitative comparison of language scores and quantitative analysis of acoustic parameters measured in a speech production task, before and after rehabilitation. We also investigated cerebral patterns of language reorganisation for rhyme detection and syllable repetition, to evaluate the influence of SMF on phonological-phonetic processes. Our results showed that SMF had a beneficial effect on this patient who qualitatively improved in naming, reading, word repetition and rhyme judgment tasks. Quantitative measurements of acoustic parameters indicate that the patient’s production of vowels and syllables also improved. Compared with pre-SMF, the fMRI data in the post-SMF session revealed the activation of cerebral regions related to articulatory, auditory and somatosensory processes, which were expected to be recruited by SMF. We discuss neurocognitive and linguistic mechanisms which may explain speech improvement after SMF, as well as the advantages of using this speech rehabilitation method.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-07-252017-11-032017-11-172018
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/02699206.2017.1402090
PMID: 29148845
Other: Epub 2017
 Degree: -

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Project name : Infrastructure d’avenir en Biologie Santé
Grant ID : ANR-11-INBS-0006
Funding program : Investissement d’Avenir
Funding organization : Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR)

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Title: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Informa Healthcare
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 32 (7) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 595 - 562 Identifier: ISSN: 0269-9206
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0269-9206