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  Neural bases of ingroup altruistic motivation in soccer fans

Bortolini, T., Bado, P., Hoefle, S., Engel, A., Zahn, R., de Oliveira Souza, R., et al. (2017). Neural bases of ingroup altruistic motivation in soccer fans. Scientific Reports, 7: 16122. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-15385-7.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002E-804F-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-BDE0-B
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Bortolini, Tiago1, 2, Author
Bado, Patrícia1, 2, Author
Hoefle, Sebastian1, Author
Engel, Annerose1, 3, 4, Author              
Zahn, Roland5, Author
de Oliveira Souza, Ricardo1, Author
Dreher, Jean-Claude6, Author
Moll, Jorge1, Author
Affiliations:
1Cognitive and Behavioral Neuroscience Unit, D'Or Institute for Research and Education, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, ou_persistent22              
2Graduate Program in Morphological Sciences, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, ou_persistent22              
3Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
5Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King’s College London, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
6Institut des Sciences Cognitives Marc Jeannerod, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Bron, France, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Humans have a strong need to belong to social groups and a natural inclination to benefit ingroup members. Although the psychological mechanisms behind human prosociality have extensively been studied, the specific neural systems bridging group belongingness and altruistic motivation remain to be identified. Here, we used soccer fandom as an ecological framing of group membership to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying ingroup altruistic behaviour in male fans using event-related functional magnetic resonance. We designed an effort measure based on handgrip strength to assess the motivation to earn money (i) for oneself, (ii) for anonymous ingroup fans, or (iii) for a neutral group of anonymous non-fans. While overlapping valuation signals in the medial orbitofrontal cortex (mOFC) were observed for the three conditions, the subgenual cingulate cortex (SCC) exhibited increased functional connectivity with the mOFC as well as stronger hemodynamic responses for ingroup versus outgroup decisions. These findings indicate a key role for the SCC, a region previously implicated in altruistic decisions and group affiliation, in dovetailing altruistic motivations with neural valuation systems in real-life ingroup behaviour.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-03-032017-10-192017-11-23
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-15385-7
PMID: 29170383
PMC: PMC5700961
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Funding organization : Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Project name : Brain Choice
Grant ID : 14-CE13-0006
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR)

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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 Sequence Number: 16122 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322