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  Enhancement of Small-scale Turbulent Dynamo by Large-scale Shear

Singh, N. K., Rogachevskii, I., & Brandenburg, A. (2017). Enhancement of Small-scale Turbulent Dynamo by Large-scale Shear. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 850(1): L 8. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/aa96a1.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-3E1D-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-3E1E-A
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Singh, Nishant K.1, Author              
Rogachevskii, Igor, Author
Brandenburg, Axel, Author
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group in Solar and Stellar Magnetic Activity, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society, ou_2265638              

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 MPIS_GROUPS: Research Group Solar Stellar Mag Activity
 Abstract: Small-scale dynamos (SSDs) are ubiquitous in a broad range of turbulent flows with large-scale shear, ranging from solar and galactic magnetism to accretion disks, cosmology, and structure formation. Using high-resolution direct numerical simulations, we show that in non-helically forced turbulence with zero mean magnetic field, large-scale shear supports SSD action, i.e., the dynamo growth rate increases with shear and shear enhances or even produces turbulence, which, in turn, further increases the growth rate. When the production rates of turbulent kinetic energy due to shear and forcing are comparable, we find scalings for the growth rate γ of the SSD and the turbulent rms velocity ${u}_{\mathrm{rms}}$ with shear rate S that are independent of the magnetic Prandtl number: $\gamma \propto | S| $ and ${u}_{\mathrm{rms}}\propto | S{| }^{2/3}$. For large fluid and magnetic Reynolds numbers, γ, normalized by its shear-free value, depends only on shear. Having compensated for shear-induced effects on turbulent velocity, we find that the normalized growth rate of the SSD exhibits the scaling, $\widetilde{\gamma }\propto | S{| }^{2/3}$, arising solely from the induction equation for a given velocity field.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-05-022017
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa96a1
 Degree: -

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Title: The Astrophysical Journal Letters
  Other : Astrophys. J. Lett.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Chicago, IL : University of Chicago Press for the American Astronomical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 850 (1) Sequence Number: L 8 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0004-637X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828215