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  Group membership magnifies the dark side of human social behavior

Bauer, M., Cahlikova, J., Celik Katreniak, D., Chytilova, J., Cingl, L., & Zelinsky, T. (2017). Group membership magnifies the dark side of human social behavior. CERGE-EI Discussion Paper Series, No. 250.

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 Creators:
Bauer, Michal1, Author
Cahlikova, Jana2, Author              
Celik Katreniak, Dagmara1, Author
Chytilova, Julie1, Author
Cingl, Lubomir1, Author
Zelinsky, Tomas1, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Public Economics, MPI for Tax Law and Public Finance, Max Planck Society, ou_830552              

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Free keywords: anti-social preferences, aggressive competitiveness, group membership, group decision-making, group conflict
 Abstract: Does decision-making in groups foster rationality and selfishness, or does it give rise to nasty behavior towards outsiders? In this paper, we implement a large-scale lab-in-field experiment in Slovakia and Uganda (N=2,309) and provide new evidence showing that the behavioral difference in inter-personal interactions between groups and individuals is primarily driven by a stronger preference to be nasty even at one’s own expense. Furthermore, the greater nastiness of groups arises almost exclusively due to the psychological effect of being a part of a group on individual preferences, rather than due to deliberation and joint decision-making among group members. We observe strikingly similar patterns on both continents, suggesting the elevation of the dark side of human social motivations is a deeply rooted behavioral response when individuals are banded in a group. The findings have implications for economic theory and can help to explain the prevalence of self-destructive group conflicts.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-12
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 48
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
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Title: CERGE-EI Discussion Paper Series
Source Genre: Series
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: No. 250 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: -