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  Investigating the Role of Shell Thickness and Field Cooling on Saturation Magnetization and Its Temperature Dependence in Fe3O4/gamma-Fe2O3 Core/Shell Nanoparticles

Obaidat, I. M., Nayek, C., & Manna, K. (2017). Investigating the Role of Shell Thickness and Field Cooling on Saturation Magnetization and Its Temperature Dependence in Fe3O4/gamma-Fe2O3 Core/Shell Nanoparticles. Applied Sciences, 7(12): 1269, pp. 1-14. doi:10.3390/app7121269.

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Obaidat, Ihab M.1, Author
Nayek, Chiranjib1, Author
Manna, Kaustuv2, Author              
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Inorganic Chemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society, ou_1863425              

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 Abstract: Understanding saturation magnetization and its behavior with particle size and temperature are essential for medical applications such magnetic hyperthermia. We report the effect of shell thickness and field cooling on the saturation magnetization and its behavior with temperature in Fe3O4/gamma-Fe2O3 core/shell nanoparticles of fixed core diameter (8 nm) and several shell thicknesses. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM)) were used to investigate the phase and the morphology of the samples. Selected area electron diffraction (SAED) confirmed the core/shell structure and phases. Using a SQUID (San Diego, CA, USA), magnetic measurements were conducted in the temperature range of 2 to 300 K both under zero field-cooling (ZFC) and field-cooling (FC) protocols at several field-cooling values. In the ZFC state, considerable enhancement of saturation magnetization was obtained with the increase of shell thickness. After field cooling, we observed a drastic enhancement of the saturation magnetization in one sample up to 120 emu/g (50% larger than the bulk value). In both the FC and ZFC states, considerable deviations from the original Bloch's law were observed. These results are discussed and attributed to the existence of interface spin-glass clusters which are modified by the changes in the shell thickness and the field-cooling.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-12-052017-12-05
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3390/app7121269
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Title: Applied Sciences
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Basel, Schweiz : MDPI
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (12) Sequence Number: 1269 Start / End Page: 1 - 14 Identifier: Other: 2076-3417
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2076-3417