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  Radiation damage free ghost diffraction with atomic resolution

Li, Z., Medvedev, N., Chapman, H. N., & Shih, Y. (2017). Radiation damage free ghost diffraction with atomic resolution. Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, 51(2): 025503. doi:10.1088/1361-6455/aa9737.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-3F5E-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-3F5F-1
Genre: Journal Article

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Li_2018_J._Phys._B__At._Mol._Opt._Phys._51_025503.pdf (Publisher version), 2MB
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 Creators:
Li, Zheng1, 2, 3, Author              
Medvedev, Nikita1, 4, Author
Chapman, Henry N1, 5, 6, Author
Shih, Yanhua7, Author
Affiliations:
1Miller Group, Atomically Resolved Dynamics Department, Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter, Max Planck Society, ou_1938288              
2Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, DESY, Notkestraße 85, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, United States of America, ou_persistent22              
4Institute of Physics and Institute of Plasma Physics, Academy of Science of Czech Republic, Na Slovance 1999 / 2, 18221 Prague 8, Czechia, ou_persistent22              
5Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging, Luruper Chaussee 149, D-22761 Hamburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Department of Physics, University of Hamburg, Jungiusstraße 9, D-20355 Hamburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7Department of Physics, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250, United States of America, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: The x-ray free electron lasers can enable diffractive structural determination of protein nanocrystals and single molecules that are too small and radiation-sensitive for conventional x-ray diffraction. However the electronic form factor may be modified during the ultrashort x-ray pulse due to photoionization and electron cascade caused by the intense x-ray pulse. For general x-ray imaging techniques, the minimization of the effects of radiation damage is of major concern to ensure reliable reconstruction of molecular structure. Here we show that radiation damage free diffraction can be achieved with atomic spatial resolution by using x-ray parametric down-conversion and ghost diffraction with entangled photons of x-ray and optical frequencies. We show that the formation of the diffraction patterns satisfies a condition analogous to the Bragg equation, with a resolution that can be as fine as the crystal lattice length scale of several Ångstrom. Since the samples are illuminated by low energy optical photons, they can be free of radiation damage.

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 Dates: 2017-12-21
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: 0953-4075-51-2-025503
DOI: 10.1088/1361-6455/aa9737
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Title: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 51 (2) Sequence Number: 025503 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -