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  Musical agency during physical exercise decreases pain

Fritz, T., Bowling, D. L., Contier, O., Grant, J., Schneider, L., Lederer, A., et al. (2018). Musical agency during physical exercise decreases pain. Frontiers in Psychology, 8: 2312. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02312.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-6204-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-9C66-B
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Fritz, Tom1, 2, 3, Author              
Bowling, Daniel L.4, Author
Contier, Oliver1, Author
Grant, Joshua1, Author              
Schneider, Lydia1, Author              
Lederer, Annette1, Author
Höer, Felicia1, Author
Busch, Eric1, Author
Villringer, Arno1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
2Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Institute for Psychoacoustics and Electronic Music, Ghent University, Belgium, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Cognitive Biology, University Vienna, Austria, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Pain; Musical agency; Cold pressor test; Endurance; Sport; Endorphin
 Abstract: Objectives: When physical exercise is systematically coupled to music production, exercisers experience improvements in mood, reductions in perceived effort, and enhanced muscular efficiency. The physiology underlying these positive effects remains unknown. Here we approached the investigation of how such musical agency may stimulate the release of endogenous opioids indirectly with a pain threshold paradigm. Design: In a cross-over design we tested the opioid-hypothesis with an indirect measure, comparing the pain tolerance of 22 participants following exercise with or without musical agency. Method: Physical exercise was coupled to music by integrating weight-training machines with sensors that control music-synthesis in real time. Pain tolerance was measured as withdrawal time in a cold pressor test. Results: On average, participants tolerated cold pain for ~5 s longer following exercise sessions with musical agency. Musical agency explained 25% of the variance in cold pressor test withdrawal times after factoring out individual differences in general pain sensitivity. Conclusions: This result demonstrates a substantial pain reducing effect of musical agency in combination with physical exercise, probably due to stimulation of endogenous opioid mechanisms. This has implications for exercise endurance, both in sports and a multitude of rehabilitative therapies in which physical exercise is effective but painful.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-09-052017-12-202018-01-17
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02312
PMID: 29387030
PMC: PMC5776142
Other: eCollection 2017
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Funding organization : Max Planck Society

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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 8 Sequence Number: 2312 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-1078