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  Analysis of full disc Ca II K spectroheliograms : I. Photometric calibration and centre-to-limb variation compensation

Chatzistergos, T., Ermolli, I., Solanki, S. K., & Krivova, N. A. (2018). Analysis of full disc Ca II K spectroheliograms: I. Photometric calibration and centre-to-limb variation compensation. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 609: A92. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201731511.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-11E9-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-11EA-2
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Chatzistergos, Theodosios1, Author              
Ermolli, Ilaria, Author
Solanki, Sami K.1, Author              
Krivova, Natalie A.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1832289              

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 Abstract: Context. Historical Ca II K spectroheliograms (SHG) are unique in representing long-term variations of the solar chromospheric magnetic field. They usually suffer from numerous problems and lack photometric calibration. Thus accurate processing of these data is required to get meaningful results from their analysis. Aims. In this paper we aim at developing an automatic processing and photometric calibration method that provides precise and consistent results when applied to historical SHG. Methods. The proposed method is based on the assumption that the centre-to-limb variation of the intensity in quiet Sun regions does not vary with time. We tested the accuracy of the proposed method on various sets of synthetic images that mimic problems encountered in historical observations. We also tested our approach on a large sample of images randomly extracted from seven different SHG archives. Results. The tests carried out on the synthetic data show that the maximum relative errors of the method are generally <6.5%, while the average error is <1%, even if rather poor quality observations are considered. In the absence of strong artefacts the method returns images that differ from the ideal ones by <2% in any pixel. The method gives consistent values for both plage and network areas. We also show that our method returns consistent results for images from different SHG archives. Conclusions. Our tests show that the proposed method is more accurate than other methods presented in the literature. Our method can also be applied to process images from photographic archives of solar observations at other wavelengths than Ca II K.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-12-272018
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201731511
 Degree: -

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Title: Astronomy and Astrophysics
  Other : Astron. Astrophys.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Berlin : Springer-Verlag
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 609 Sequence Number: A92 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0004-6361
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828219_1