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  Hippocampal Sharp-Wave Ripples Influence Selective Activation of the Default Mode Network

Kaplan, R., Adhikari, M., Hindriks, R., Mantini, D., Murayama, Y., Logothetis, N., et al. (2016). Hippocampal Sharp-Wave Ripples Influence Selective Activation of the Default Mode Network. Current Biology, 26(5), 686-691. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2016.01.017.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-7A06-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-7A07-0
Genre: Journal Article

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Kaplan, R, Author
Adhikari, MH, Author
Hindriks, R, Author
Mantini, D, Author
Murayama, Y1, 2, Author              
Logothetis, NK1, 2, Author              
Deco, G, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497798              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: The default mode network (DMN) is a commonly observed resting-state network (RSN) that includes medial temporal, parietal, and prefrontal regions involved in episodic memory [1, 2 and 3]. The behavioral relevance of endogenous DMN activity remains elusive, despite an emerging literature correlating resting fMRI fluctuations with memory performance [4 and 5]—particularly in DMN regions [6, 7 and 8]. Mechanistic support for the DMN’s role in memory consolidation might come from investigation of large deflections (sharp-waves) in the hippocampal local field potential that co-occur with high-frequency (>80 Hz) oscillations called ripples—both during sleep [9 and 10] and awake deliberative periods [11, 12 and 13]. Ripples are ideally suited for memory consolidation [14 and 15], since the reactivation of hippocampal place cell ensembles occurs during ripples [16, 17, 18 and 19]. Moreover, the number of ripples after learning predicts subsequent memory performance in rodents [20, 21 and 22] and humans [23], whereas electrical stimulation of the hippocampus after learning interferes with memory consolidation [24, 25 and 26]. A recent study in macaques showed diffuse fMRI neocortical activation and subcortical deactivation specifically after ripples [27]. Yet it is unclear whether ripples and other hippocampal neural events influence endogenous fluctuations in specific RSNs—like the DMN—unitarily. Here, we examine fMRI datasets from anesthetized monkeys with simultaneous hippocampal electrophysiology recordings, where we observe a dramatic increase in the DMN fMRI signal following ripples, but not following other hippocampal electrophysiological events. Crucially, we find increases in ongoing DMN activity after ripples, but not in other RSNs. Our results relate endogenous DMN fluctuations to hippocampal ripples, thereby linking network-level resting fMRI fluctuations with behaviorally relevant circuit-level neural dynamics.

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 Dates: 2016-03
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.01.017
BibTex Citekey: KaplanAHMMLD2016
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Title: Current Biology
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 26 (5) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 686 - 691 Identifier: -