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  Beyond Faces and Expertise: Facelike Holistic Processing of Nonface Objects in the Absence of Expertise

Zhao, M., Bülthoff, H., & Bülthoff, I. (2016). Beyond Faces and Expertise: Facelike Holistic Processing of Nonface Objects in the Absence of Expertise. Psychological Science, 27(2), 213-222. doi:10.1177/0956797615617779.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-7A1C-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-7A1D-8
Genre: Journal Article

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Zhao, M1, 2, 3, Author              
Bülthoff, HH2, 3, 4, Author              
Bülthoff, I1, 2, 3, Author              
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1Project group: Recognition & Categorization, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528707              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              
3Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
4Project group: Cybernetics Approach to Perception & Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528701              

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 Abstract: Holistic processing—the tendency to perceive objects as indecomposable wholes—has long been viewed as a process specific to faces or objects of expertise. Although current theories differ in what causes holistic processing, they share a fundamental constraint for its generalization: Nonface objects cannot elicit facelike holistic processing in the absence of expertise. Contrary to this prevailing view, here we show that line patterns with salient Gestalt information (i.e., connectedness, closure, and continuity between parts) can be processed as holistically as faces without any training. Moreover, weakening the saliency of Gestalt information in these patterns reduced holistic processing of them, which indicates that Gestalt information plays a crucial role in holistic processing. Therefore, holistic processing can be achieved not only via a top-down route based on expertise, but also via a bottom-up route relying merely on object-based information. The finding that facelike holistic processing can extend beyond the domains of faces and objects of expertise poses a challenge to current dominant theories.

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 Dates: 2016-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1177/0956797615617779
BibTex Citekey: ZhaoBB2015_2
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Title: Psychological Science
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 27 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 213 - 222 Identifier: -