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  Integration or separation in the processing of facial properties: a computational view

Dahl, C., Rasch, M., Bülthoff, I., & Cheng, C.-C. (2016). Integration or separation in the processing of facial properties: a computational view. Scientific Reports, 6(20247), 1-9. doi:10.1038/srep20247.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-7A2C-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-7A2D-6
Genre: Journal Article

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Dahl, CD1, 2, Author              
Rasch, MJ1, Author              
Bülthoff, I2, 3, 4, Author              
Cheng, C-C, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497798              
2Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
3Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              
4Project group: Recognition & Categorization, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528707              

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 Abstract: A face recognition system ought to read out information about the identity, facial expression and invariant properties of faces, such as sex and race. A current debate is whether separate neural units in the brain deal with these face properties individually or whether a single neural unit processes in parallel all aspects of faces. While the focus of studies has been directed toward the processing of identity and facial expression, little research exists on the processing of invariant aspects of faces. In a theoretical framework we tested whether a system can deal with identity in combination with sex, race or facial expression using the same underlying mechanism. We used dimension reduction to describe how the representational face space organizes face properties when trained on different aspects of faces. When trained to learn identities, the system not only successfully recognized identities, but also was immediately able to classify sex and race, suggesting that no additional system for the processing of invariant properties is needed. However, training on identity was insufficient for the recognition of facial expressions and vice versa. We provide a theoretical approach on the interconnection of invariant facial properties and the separation of variant and invariant facial properties.

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 Dates: 2016-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/srep20247
BibTex Citekey: DahlRBC2016
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Title: Scientific Reports
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 6 (20247) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1 - 9 Identifier: -