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  How to best name a place? Facilitation and inhibition of route learning due to descriptive and arbitrary location labels

Meilinger, T., Schulte-Pelkum, J., Frankenstein, J., Hardiess, G., Laharnar, N., Mallot, H., et al. (2016). How to best name a place? Facilitation and inhibition of route learning due to descriptive and arbitrary location labels. Frontiers in Psychology, 7: 76, pp. 1-7. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00076.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-7A46-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0001-93E0-B
Genre: Journal Article

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Meilinger, T1, 2, 3, Author              
Schulte-Pelkum, J1, 3, Author              
Frankenstein, J1, 3, Author              
Hardiess, G, Author
Laharnar, N1, 3, Author              
Mallot, HA, Author              
Bülthoff, HH1, 3, 4, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Project group: Social & Spatial Cognition, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528706              
3Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              
4Project group: Cybernetics Approach to Perception & Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528701              

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 Abstract: Establishing verbal memory traces for non-verbal stimuli was reported to facilitate or inhibit memory for the non-verbal stimuli. We show that these effects are also observed in a domain not indicated before – wayfinding. Fifty-three participants followed a guided route in a virtual environment. They were asked to remember half of the intersections by relying on the visual impression only. At the other 50 of the intersections, participants additionally heard a place name, which they were asked to memorize. For testing, participants were teleported to the intersections and were asked to indicate the subsequent direction of the learned route. In Experiment 1, intersections’ names were arbitrary (i.e., not related to the visual impression). Here, participants performed more accurately at unnamed intersections. In Experiment 2, intersections’ names were descriptive and participants’ route memory was more accurate at named intersections. Results have implications for naming places in a city and for wayfinding aids.

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 Dates: 2016-01
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00076
BibTex Citekey: MeilingerSFHLMB2016
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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 Sequence Number: 76 Start / End Page: 1 - 7 Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: /journals/resource/1664-1078