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  Temporal Regimes of State-Dependent Correlated Variability in the Macaque Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex

Dwarakanath, A., Safavi, S., Kapoor, V., Logothetis, N., & Panagiotaropoulos, T. (2015). Temporal Regimes of State-Dependent Correlated Variability in the Macaque Ventrolateral Prefrontal Cortex. In 16th Conference of Junior Neuroscientists of Tübingen (NeNa 2015): Communicating the Challenges of Science (pp. 18).

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-87A7-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-D3C8-E
Genre: Meeting Abstract

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 Creators:
Dwarakanath, A1, 2, Author              
Safavi, S1, 2, Author              
Kapoor, V, Author              
Logothetis, NK1, 2, Author              
Panagiotaropoulos, TI1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497798              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Repeated presentation of the same stimulus results in variability in the spiking of neurons, often being correlated across neuronal pairs. However, apart from common input, a number of factors like local circuitry or dominant global states are known to induce this correlated variability. For example, slow (0.5-2.5 Hz) state transitions arising during anesthesia drive correlations in the primary visual cortex (V1). To investigate if a mechanism operating on a similar temporal regime drives correlations in the final stages of the ventral visual stream we recorded from the ventro-lateral prefrontal cortex (vlPFC) of anesthetized macaques using 10*10 Utah Arrays during periods of repeated visual stimulation (10s movie clip) and silence (10s). A Gaussian Process based factorization algorithm, previously used to unravel the underlying temporal regime of correlations in V1. returned a timescale of 14-16ms as the width of the temporal kernel, which translated to a frequency between 13-17 Hz after using an appropriate attenuation value in the spectrum of the estimated latent variable. This result indicates that apart from slow, anesthesia-induced fluctuations, intrinsic activity on a faster scale could be the source of pairwise correlations. Indeed, previous analyses of the local field potentials (LFPs) in vlPFC revealed a dominant oscillation in the beta band (13-25Hz) in both anesthetized and alert animals. Moreover, spike{spike Coherence, spike{field Coherence and other measures of spike{spike/LFP coupling suggest a significant interaction between spikes and LFP in the beta band. Despite these findings the Gaussian Process algorithm did not capture a significant amount of variance in our data, and even after accounting for the latent variable, the residual covariances remain significantly different from zero. We are currently exploring other state-space models.

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 Dates: 2015-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
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Title: 16th Conference of Junior Neuroscientists of Tübingen (NeNa 2015): Communicating the Challenges of Science
Place of Event: Schramberg, Germany
Start-/End Date: 2015-11-23 - 2015-11-25

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Title: 16th Conference of Junior Neuroscientists of Tübingen (NeNa 2015): Communicating the Challenges of Science
Source Genre: Proceedings
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 18 Identifier: -