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  The Beaker phenomenon and the genomic transformation of northwest Europe

Olalde, I., Brace, S., Allentoft, M. E., Armit, I., Kristiansen, K., Booth, T., et al. (2018). The Beaker phenomenon and the genomic transformation of northwest Europe. Nature, 555, 190-196. doi:10.1038/nature25738.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-8E04-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0000-F69C-B
Genre: Journal Article

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Olalde, Iñigo, Author
Brace, Selina, Author
Allentoft, Morten E., Author
Armit, Ian, Author
Kristiansen, Kristian, Author
Booth, Thomas, Author
Rohland, Nadin, Author
Mallick, Swapan, Author
Szécsényi-Nagy, Anna, Author
Mittnik, Alissa1, Author              
Altena, Eveline, Author
Lipson, Mark, Author
Lazaridis, Iosif, Author
Harper, Thomas K., Author
Patterson, Nick, Author
Broomandkhoshbacht, Nasreen, Author
Diekmann, Yoan, Author
Faltyskova, Zuzana, Author
Fernandes, Daniel, Author
Ferry, Matthew, Author
Harney, Eadaoin, Authorde Knijff, Peter, AuthorMichel, Megan, AuthorOppenheimer, Jonas, AuthorStewardson, Kristin, AuthorBarclay, Alistair, AuthorAlt, Kurt Werner, AuthorLiesau, Corina, AuthorRíos, Patricia, AuthorBlasco, Concepción, AuthorMiguel, Jorge Vega, AuthorGarcía, Roberto Menduiña, AuthorFernández, Azucena Avilés, AuthorBánffy, Eszter, AuthorBernabò-Brea, Maria, AuthorBilloin, David, AuthorBonsall, Clive, AuthorBonsall, Laura, AuthorAllen, Tim, AuthorBüster, Lindsey, AuthorCarver, Sophie, AuthorNavarro, Laura Castells, AuthorCraig, Oliver E., AuthorCook, Gordon T., AuthorCunliffe, Barry, AuthorDenaire, Anthony, AuthorDinwiddy, Kirsten Egging, AuthorDodwell, Natasha, AuthorErnée, Michal, AuthorEvans, Christopher, AuthorKuchařík, Milan, AuthorFarré, Joan Francès, AuthorFowler, Chris, AuthorGazenbeek, Michiel, AuthorPena, Rafael Garrido, AuthorHaber-Uriarte, María, AuthorHaduch, Elżbieta, AuthorHey, Gill, AuthorJowett, Nick, AuthorKnowles, Timothy, AuthorMassy, Ken, AuthorPfrengle, Saskia, AuthorLefranc, Philippe, AuthorLemercier, Olivier, AuthorLefebvre, Arnaud, AuthorMartínez, César Heras, AuthorOlmo, Virginia Galera, AuthorRamírez, Ana Bastida, AuthorMaurandi, Joaquín Lomba, AuthorMajó, Tona, AuthorMcKinley, Jacqueline I., AuthorMcSweeney, Kathleen, AuthorMende, Balázs Gusztáv, AuthorMod, Alessandra, AuthorKulcsár, Gabriella, AuthorKiss, Viktória, AuthorCzene, András, AuthorPatay, Róbert, AuthorEndrődi, Anna, AuthorKöhler, Kitti, AuthorHajdu, Tamás, AuthorSzeniczey, Tamás, AuthorDani, János, AuthorBernert, Zsolt, AuthorHoole, Maya, AuthorCheronet, Olivia, AuthorKeating, Denise, AuthorVelemínský, Petr, AuthorDobeš, Miroslav, AuthorCandilio, Francesca, AuthorBrown, Fraser, AuthorFernández, Raúl Flores, AuthorHerrero-Corral, Ana-Mercedes, AuthorTusa, Sebastiano, AuthorCarnieri, Emiliano, AuthorLentini, Luigi, AuthorValenti, Antonella, AuthorZanini, Alessandro, AuthorWaddington, Clive, AuthorDelibes, Germán, AuthorGuerra-Doce, Elisa, AuthorNeil, Benjamin, AuthorBrittain, Marcus, AuthorLuke, Mike, AuthorMortimer, Richard, AuthorDesideri, Jocelyne, AuthorBesse, Marie, AuthorBrücken, Günter, AuthorFurmanek, Mirosław, AuthorHałuszko, Agata, AuthorMackiewicz, Maksym, AuthorRapiński, Artur, AuthorLeach, Stephany, AuthorSoriano, Ignacio, AuthorLillios, Katina T., AuthorCardoso, João Luís, AuthorPearson, Michael Parker, AuthorWłodarczak, Piotr, AuthorPrice, T. Douglas, AuthorPrieto, Pilar, AuthorRey, Pierre-Jérôme, AuthorRisch, Roberto, AuthorGuerra, Rojo, AuthorA., Manuel, AuthorSchmitt, Aurore, AuthorSerralongue, Joël, AuthorSilva, Ana Maria, AuthorSmrčka, Václav, AuthorVergnaud, Luc, AuthorZilhão, João, AuthorCaramelli, David, AuthorHigham, Thomas, AuthorThomas, Mark G., AuthorKennett, Douglas J., AuthorFokkens, Harry, AuthorHeyd, Volker, AuthorSheridan, Alison, AuthorSjögren, Karl-Göran, AuthorStockhammer, Philipp W.1, Author              Krause, Johannes1, Author              Pinhasi, Ron, AuthorHaak, Wolfgang1, Author              Barnes, Ian, AuthorLalueza-Fox, Carles, AuthorReich, David, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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 Abstract: From around 2750 to 2500 bc, Bell Beaker pottery became widespread across western and central Europe, before it disappeared between 2200 and 1800 bc. The forces that propelled its expansion are a matter of long-standing debate, and there is support for both cultural diffusion and migration having a role in this process. Here we present genome-wide data from 400 Neolithic, Copper Age and Bronze Age Europeans, including 226 individuals associated with Beaker-complex artefacts. We detected limited genetic affinity between Beaker-complex-associated individuals from Iberia and central Europe, and thus exclude migration as an important mechanism of spread between these two regions. However, migration had a key role in the further dissemination of the Beaker complex. We document this phenomenon most clearly in Britain, where the spread of the Beaker complex introduced high levels of steppe-related ancestry and was associated with the replacement of approximately 90% of Britain’s gene pool within a few hundred years, continuing the east-to-west expansion that had brought steppe-related ancestry into central and northern Europe over the previous centuries.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-02-212018-03-21
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 21
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/nature25738
Other: shh953
 Degree: -

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Title: Nature
  Abbreviation : Nature
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 555 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 190 - 196 Identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925427238